Diachrony of late Neogene microfossils in the Southwest Pacific Ocean; application of the graphic correlation method

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doi: 10.1029/PA003i002p00209
Author(s): Dowsett, Harry J.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Brown Univ., Dep. Geol. Sci., Providence, RI, United States
Volume Title: Paleoceanography
Source: Paleoceanography, 3(2), p.209-222. Publisher: American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States. ISSN: 0883-8305 CODEN: POCGEP
Note: In English. 43 refs.; illus. incl. 4 tables, sketch map
Summary: The assumption of synchrony of first and last occurrences of fossil taxa can be tested using graphic correlation procedures which, by allowing measured stratigraphic sections to be compared on a common depth scale, make it possible to develop a correlation model which integrates information from a number of cores. The strategy of the test presented here is to use a graphic correlation model that is based on data from the Atlantic (Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) sites 502, 516A) and north Pacific (DSDP site 577A) as a basis for determining to what extent fossil datums in the southwest Pacific are synchronous. First and last occurrences of Pliocene calcareous nannofossils and planktonic foraminifers have been compared in five DSDP cores from the southwest Pacific ocean (sites 586, 587, 588, 590A, and 592). All cores were recovered using hydraulic piston coring technology, which assures the best recovery and minimal disturbance. Most of these cores contain abundant, well-preserved foraminifers and nannofossils, as well as a partial record of many of the expected magnetic polarity reversals in this part of the section. To assure taxonomic consistency, all taxonomic identifications were made by the author. Graphic correlation of this data set suggests that several important biostratigraphic markers are highly diachronous. For example, this study confirms that Globorotalia truncatulinoides first occurs at approximately 2.4 Ma between 20° and 35° south latitude in the southwest Pacific, approximately 0.5 m.y. earlier than it is found elsewhere in the Atlantic and Pacific. Other datums, such as the last occurrence of Discoaster brouweri, are essentially synchronous. These findings suggest that biostratigraphic models based on the assumption of synchrony of first and last occurrences of fossil taxa may be incorrect. Biostratigraphic models created with the Graphic Correlation method offer an opportunity to examine the biogeographic dimensions of origination, migration, and extinction of planktonic taxa.
Year of Publication: 1988
Research Program: DSDP Deep Sea Drilling Project
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Algae; Biostratigraphy; Cenozoic; Cores; Correlation; Deep Sea Drilling Project; Diachronism; Discoaster brouweri; Discoasteridae; Foraminifera; Globigerinacea; Globorotalia; Globorotalia truncatulinoides; Globorotaliidae; Graphic methods; Invertebrata; Microfossils; Nannofossils; Neogene; Pacific Ocean; Planktonic taxa; Plantae; Pliocene; Protista; Rotaliina; South Pacific; Southwest Pacific; Stratigraphy; Tertiary; Thallophytes; West Pacific
Record ID: 1989004672
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute.

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