Implications of sediment composition on the southern Kerguelen Plateau for paleoclimate and depositional environment

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doi: 10.2973/
Author(s): Ehrmann, Werner U.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Alfred Wegener Inst. Polar and Mar. Res., Bremerhaven, Federal Republic of Germany
Tech. Univ. Denmark, Denmark
Ocean Drill. Program, United States
CPRG, France
Tex. A&M Univ., United States
Mus. Hist. Nat., France
Stanford Univ., United States
Bedford Inst. Oceanogr., Canada
Hawaii Inst. Geophys., United States
Alfred Wegener Inst. Polar and Mar. Res., Federal Republic of Germany
Cambridge Univ., United Kingdom
Ohio State Univ., United States
Univ. Sydney, Australia
Ruhr Univ. Bochum, Federal Republic of Germany
Lamont-Doherty Geol. Obs., United States
Toyama Univ., Japan
Dalhousie Univ., Canada
Norw. Polar Res. Inst., Norway
Univ. Tex. at Port Aransas, United States
Eidg. Tech. Hochsch., Federal Republic of Germany
Plymouth Polytech., United Kingdom
Univ. Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Fla. State Univ., United States
Volume Title: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Kerguelen Plateau-Prydz Basin; covering Leg 119 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Port Louis, Mauritius to Fremantle, Australia, sites 736-746, 14 December 1987-20 February 1988
Volume Author(s): Barron, John A.; Larsen, Birger; Baldauf, Jack G.; Alibert, Chantal; Berkowitz, Stephen; Caulet, Jean-Pierre; Chambers, Stephen R.; Cooper, Alan K.; Cranston, Ray E.; Dorn, Wolfgang U.; Ehrmann, Werner U.; Fox, Richard D.; Fryxell, Greta A.; Hambrey, Michael J.; Huber, Brian T.; Jenkins, Christopher J.; Kang, Sung-Ho; Keating, Barbara H.; Mehl, Klaus W.; Noh, Il; Ollier, Gilles; Pittenger, Alan; Sakai, Hideo; Schroder, Claudia J.; Solheim, Anders; Stockwell, Dean A.; Thierstein, Hans R.; Tocher, Bruce; Turner, Brian R.; Wei, Wuchang; Mazzullo, Elsa Kapitan; Stewart, Norman J.
Source: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Kerguelen Plateau-Prydz Basin; covering Leg 119 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Port Louis, Mauritius to Fremantle, Australia, sites 736-746, 14 December 1987-20 February 1988, John A. Barron, Birger Larsen, Jack G. Baldauf, Chantal Alibert, Stephen Berkowitz, Jean-Pierre Caulet, Stephen R. Chambers, Alan K. Cooper, Ray E. Cranston, Wolfgang U. Dorn, Werner U. Ehrmann, Richard D. Fox, Greta A. Fryxell, Michael J. Hambrey, Brian T. Huber, Christopher J. Jenkins, Sung-Ho Kang, Barbara H. Keating, Klaus W. Mehl, Il Noh, Gilles Ollier, Alan Pittenger, Hideo Sakai, Claudia J. Schroder, Anders Solheim, Dean A. Stockwell, Hans R. Thierstein, Bruce Tocher, Brian R. Turner, Wuchang Wei, Elsa Kapitan Mazzullo and Norman J. Stewart. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol.119, p.185-210. Publisher: Texas A & M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States. ISSN: 0884-5891
Note: In English. 63 refs.; illus. incl. 4 tables, sketch map
Summary: Cretaceous to Quaternary sediments recovered on the southern tip of the Kerguelen Plateau were studied in order to determine the depositional environment and the paleoceanography of the southern Indian Ocean and especially the long-term glacial history of East Antarctica. Emphasis is given to bulk-sediment composition, grain- size data, and clay mineralogy. The first indication of glaciation at sea level is the occurrence of isolated gravel and terrigenous sand grains, which indicate ice rafting in the Middle Eocene interval of 45.0-42.3 Ma. A major intensification of glaciation, probably the onset of continental East Antarctic glaciation, is recorded in sediments of Early Oligocene age (36.0 Ma). All major sediment parameters document this event. The clay mineralogy changes from smectite-dominated assemblages to illite- and chlorite-dominated assemblages, indicative of cooler climates and physical weathering. Ice-rafted debris of both gravel and sand size occurs in large quantities in that interval and coincides with a change in the mode of carbonate deposition. Carbonate contents are relatively high and uniform (90-95%) in strata younger than Early Oligocene; in Oligocene to Upper Miocene strata they fluctuate between 65 and 95%. Oligocene and Neogene hiatuses reflect an intensification of oceanic circulation and the increased erosional force of Circumpolar Deep Water. The long-term Cenozoic cooling trend was interrupted by a phase of Early Miocene warming indicated by maximum Neogene smectite concentrations. (Auth. mod.)
Year of Publication: 1991
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 07 Marine Geology and Oceanography; Antarctic Ocean; Antarctica; Cenozoic; Clay mineralogy; Cretaceous; Deposition; Environment; Glacial environment; Glacial features; Glacial geology; Glaciation; Grain size; Ice rafting; Indian Ocean; Interpretation; Kerguelen Plateau; Leg 119; Marine geology; Mesozoic; ODP Site 738; ODP Site 744; Ocean Drilling Program; Oceanography; Paleo-oceanography; Paleoclimatology; Quaternary; Sedimentary petrology; Sedimentary rocks; Sedimentation; Tertiary
Coordinates: S624236 S624236 E0824648 E0824648
S613448 S613448 E0803524 E0803524
Record ID: 1991059020
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from the Antarctic Bibliography, United States