Cyclic sedimentation at sites 745 and 746

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doi: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.119.123.1991
Author(s): Ehrmann, Werner U.; Grobe, Hannes
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Alfred Wegener Inst. Polar and Mar. Res., Bremerhaven, Federal Republic of Germany
Other:
Tech. Univ. Denmark, Denmark
Ocean Drill. Program, United States
CPRG, France
Tex. A&M Univ., United States
Mus. Hist. Nat., France
Stanford Univ., United States
Bedford Inst. Oceanogr., Canada
Hawaii Inst. Geophys., United States
Alfred Wegener Inst. Polar and Mar. Res., Federal Republic of Germany
Cambridge Univ., United Kingdom
Ohio State Univ., United States
Univ. Sydney, Australia
Ruhr Univ. Bochum, Federal Republic of Germany
Lamont-Doherty Geol. Obs., United States
Toyama Univ., Japan
Dalhousie Univ., Canada
Norw. Polar Res. Inst., Norway
Univ. Tex. at Port Aransas, United States
Eidg. Tech. Hochsch., Federal Republic of Germany
Plymouth Polytech., United Kingdom
Univ. Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Fla. State Univ., United States
Volume Title: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Kerguelen Plateau-Prydz Basin; covering Leg 119 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Port Louis, Mauritius to Fremantle, Australia, sites 736-746, 14 December 1987-20 February 1988
Volume Author(s): Barron, John A.; Larsen, Birger; Baldauf, Jack G.; Alibert, Chantal; Berkowitz, Stephen; Caulet, Jean-Pierre; Chambers, Stephen R.; Cooper, Alan K.; Cranston, Ray E.; Dorn, Wolfgang U.; Ehrmann, Werner U.; Fox, Richard D.; Fryxell, Greta A.; Hambrey, Michael J.; Huber, Brian T.; Jenkins, Christopher J.; Kang, Sung-Ho; Keating, Barbara H.; Mehl, Klaus W.; Noh, Il; Ollier, Gilles; Pittenger, Alan; Sakai, Hideo; Schroder, Claudia J.; Solheim, Anders; Stockwell, Dean A.; Thierstein, Hans R.; Tocher, Bruce; Turner, Brian R.; Wei, Wuchang; Mazzullo, Elsa Kapitan; Stewart, Norman J.
Source: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Kerguelen Plateau-Prydz Basin; covering Leg 119 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Port Louis, Mauritius to Fremantle, Australia, sites 736-746, 14 December 1987-20 February 1988, John A. Barron, Birger Larsen, Jack G. Baldauf, Chantal Alibert, Stephen Berkowitz, Jean-Pierre Caulet, Stephen R. Chambers, Alan K. Cooper, Ray E. Cranston, Wolfgang U. Dorn, Werner U. Ehrmann, Richard D. Fox, Greta A. Fryxell, Michael J. Hambrey, Brian T. Huber, Christopher J. Jenkins, Sung-Ho Kang, Barbara H. Keating, Klaus W. Mehl, Il Noh, Gilles Ollier, Alan Pittenger, Hideo Sakai, Claudia J. Schroder, Anders Solheim, Dean A. Stockwell, Hans R. Thierstein, Bruce Tocher, Brian R. Turner, Wuchang Wei, Elsa Kapitan Mazzullo and Norman J. Stewart. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol.119, p.225-237. Publisher: Texas A & M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States. ISSN: 0884-5891
Note: In English. 51 refs.; illus. incl. 4 tables, sketch map
Summary: The Upper Miocene to Pleistocene sediments recovered at ODP Sites 745 and 746 in the Australian-Antarctic Basin are characterized by cyclic facies changes. Sedimentological investigations of a detailed Quaternary section reveal that facies A is dominated by a high content of siliceous microfossils, a relatively low terrigenous sediment content, an ice-rafted component, low concentrations of fine sediment particles, and a relatively high smectite content. This facies corresponds to interglacial sedimentary conditions. Facies B, in contrast, is characteristic of glacial conditions and is dominated by a large amount of terrigenous material and a smaller opaline component. There is also a prominent ice-rafted component. The microfossils commonly are reworked and broken. The clay mineral assemblages show higher proportions of glacially derived illite and chlorite. A combination of 4 different processes, attributed to glacial- interglacial cycles, was responsible for the cyclic facies changes during Quaternary time: transport by gravity, ice, and current, and changes in primary productivity. Of great importance was the movement of the grounding line of the ice shelves, which directly influenced the intensity of ice rafting and of gravitational sediment transport to the deep sea. The extension of the ice shelves was also responsible for the generation of cold and erosive Antarctic Bottom Water, which controlled the grain-size distribution, particularly of the fine fraction, in the investigated area. (Auth.)
Year of Publication: 1991
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 07 Marine Geology and Oceanography; Antarctic Ocean; Antarctica; Cyclic processes; Environment; Facies; Glacial sedimentation; Grain size; Ice rafting; Interglacial environment; Leg 119; Marine geology; ODP Site 745; ODP Site 746; Ocean Drilling Program; Oceanography; Processes; Sedimentary rocks; Sedimentation; Transport
Coordinates: S593543 S293543 E0855136 E0855136
S593249 S593249 E0855147 E0855147
Record ID: 1991059022
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from the Antarctic Bibliography, United States