Maestrichtian planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy and the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary at Hole 738C (Kerguelen Plateau, southern Indian Ocean)

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doi: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.119.143.1991
Author(s): Huber, Brian T.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Smithson. Inst., Natl. Mus. Nat. Hist., Washington, DC, United States
Other:
Tech. Univ. Denmark, Denmark
Ocean Drill. Program, United States
CPRG, France
Tex. A&M Univ., United States
Mus. Hist. Nat., France
Stanford Univ., United States
Bedford Inst. Oceanogr., Canada
Hawaii Inst. Geophys., United States
Alfred Wegener Inst. Polar and Mar. Res., Federal Republic of Germany
Cambridge Univ., United Kingdom
Ohio State Univ., United States
Univ. Sydney, Australia
Ruhr Univ. Bochum, Federal Republic of Germany
Lamont-Doherty Geol. Obs., United States
Toyama Univ., Japan
Dalhousie Univ., Canada
Norw. Polar Res. Inst., Norway
Univ. Tex. at Port Aransas, United States
Eidg. Tech. Hochsch., Federal Republic of Germany
Plymouth Polytech., United Kingdom
Univ. Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Fla. State Univ., United States
Volume Title: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Kerguelen Plateau-Prydz Basin; covering Leg 119 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Port Louis, Mauritius to Fremantle, Australia, sites 736-746, 14 December 1987-20 February 1988
Volume Author(s): Barron, John A.; Larsen, Birger; Baldauf, Jack G.; Alibert, Chantal; Berkowitz, Stephen; Caulet, Jean-Pierre; Chambers, Stephen R.; Cooper, Alan K.; Cranston, Ray E.; Dorn, Wolfgang U.; Ehrmann, Werner U.; Fox, Richard D.; Fryxell, Greta A.; Hambrey, Michael J.; Huber, Brian T.; Jenkins, Christopher J.; Kang, Sung-Ho; Keating, Barbara H.; Mehl, Klaus W.; Noh, Il; Ollier, Gilles; Pittenger, Alan; Sakai, Hideo; Schroder, Claudia J.; Solheim, Anders; Stockwell, Dean A.; Thierstein, Hans R.; Tocher, Bruce; Turner, Brian R.; Wei, Wuchang; Mazzullo, Elsa Kapitan; Stewart, Norman J.
Source: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Kerguelen Plateau-Prydz Basin; covering Leg 119 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Port Louis, Mauritius to Fremantle, Australia, sites 736-746, 14 December 1987-20 February 1988, John A. Barron, Birger Larsen, Jack G. Baldauf, Chantal Alibert, Stephen Berkowitz, Jean-Pierre Caulet, Stephen R. Chambers, Alan K. Cooper, Ray E. Cranston, Wolfgang U. Dorn, Werner U. Ehrmann, Richard D. Fox, Greta A. Fryxell, Michael J. Hambrey, Brian T. Huber, Christopher J. Jenkins, Sung-Ho Kang, Barbara H. Keating, Klaus W. Mehl, Il Noh, Gilles Ollier, Alan Pittenger, Hideo Sakai, Claudia J. Schroder, Anders Solheim, Dean A. Stockwell, Hans R. Thierstein, Bruce Tocher, Brian R. Turner, Wuchang Wei, Elsa Kapitan Mazzullo and Norman J. Stewart. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol.119, p.451-465. Publisher: Texas A & M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States. ISSN: 0884-5891
Note: In English. 33 refs.; illus. incl. 3 tables, 3 plates, sketch map
Summary: A biostratigraphically complete Upper Maestrichtian-Danian sequence was recovered at ODP Leg 119 Site 738 on the southern Kerguelen Plateau. Planktonic foraminifers are abundant and well- to moderately preserved in all Upper Maestrichtian samples to within 6 cm of the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary, where foraminifers are rare and poorly preserved due to increased sediment lithification. Lowermost Danian samples are also poorly preserved, but specimen abundance is sufficient for preliminary quantitative biostratigraphic analysis. Despite the poor foraminifer preservation, evidence is presented for paleoenvironmental change immediately below a thin, iridium-rich calcareous clay horizon that is recognized as the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. The recovered Maestrichtian planktonic foraminifers are identical to Austral Realm assemblages found in the southern South Atlantic region. All five species previously recognized as being endemic to this realm were recovered from Hole 738C. Lower Danian assemblages strongly resemble coeval low-latitude foraminifer faunas, whereas upper Danian assemblages differ only in the absence of indicator species, particularly the morozovellids. (Auth. mod.)
Year of Publication: 1991
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Antarctic Ocean; Antarctica; Biostratigraphy; Cenozoic; Cretaceous; Foraminifera; Hole 738C; Indian Ocean; Invertebrata; Iridium; K-T boundary; Kerguelen Plateau; Leg 119; Lower Paleocene; Maestrichtian; Mesozoic; Metals; Microfossils; ODP Site 738; Ocean Drilling Program; Paleocene; Paleoenvironment; Paleogene; Planktonic taxa; Platinum group; Protista; Senonian; Stratigraphic boundary; Stratigraphy; Tertiary; Upper Cretaceous
Coordinates: S624236 S624136 E0824724 E0824724
Record ID: 1991059035
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from the Antarctic Bibliography, United States