Danian calcareous nannofossils succession at Site 738 in the southern Indian Ocean

Online Access: Get full text
doi: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.119.154.1991
Author(s): Wei, Wuchang; Pospichal, James J.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Fla. State Univ., Dep. Geol., Tallahassee, FL, United States
Tech. Univ. Denmark, Denmark
Ocean Drill. Program, United States
CPRG, France
Tex. A&M Univ., United States
Mus. Hist. Nat., France
Stanford Univ., United States
Bedford Inst. Oceanogr., Canada
Hawaii Inst. Geophys., United States
Alfred Wegener Inst. Polar and Mar. Res., Federal Republic of Germany
Cambridge Univ., United Kingdom
Ohio State Univ., United States
Univ. Sydney, Australia
Ruhr Univ. Bochum, Federal Republic of Germany
Lamont-Doherty Geol. Obs., United States
Toyama Univ., Japan
Dalhousie Univ., Canada
Norw. Polar Res. Inst., Norway
Univ. Tex. at Port Aransas, United States
Eidg. Tech. Hochsch., Federal Republic of Germany
Plymouth Polytech., United Kingdom
Univ. Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Fla. State Univ., United States
Volume Title: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Kerguelen Plateau-Prydz Basin; covering Leg 119 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Port Louis, Mauritius to Fremantle, Australia, sites 736-746, 14 December 1987-20 February 1988
Volume Author(s): Barron, John A.; Larsen, Birger; Baldauf, Jack G.; Alibert, Chantal; Berkowitz, Stephen; Caulet, Jean-Pierre; Chambers, Stephen R.; Cooper, Alan K.; Cranston, Ray E.; Dorn, Wolfgang U.; Ehrmann, Werner U.; Fox, Richard D.; Fryxell, Greta A.; Hambrey, Michael J.; Huber, Brian T.; Jenkins, Christopher J.; Kang, Sung-Ho; Keating, Barbara H.; Mehl, Klaus W.; Noh, Il; Ollier, Gilles; Pittenger, Alan; Sakai, Hideo; Schroder, Claudia J.; Solheim, Anders; Stockwell, Dean A.; Thierstein, Hans R.; Tocher, Bruce; Turner, Brian R.; Wei, Wuchang; Mazzullo, Elsa Kapitan; Stewart, Norman J.
Source: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Kerguelen Plateau-Prydz Basin; covering Leg 119 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Port Louis, Mauritius to Fremantle, Australia, sites 736-746, 14 December 1987-20 February 1988, John A. Barron, Birger Larsen, Jack G. Baldauf, Chantal Alibert, Stephen Berkowitz, Jean-Pierre Caulet, Stephen R. Chambers, Alan K. Cooper, Ray E. Cranston, Wolfgang U. Dorn, Werner U. Ehrmann, Richard D. Fox, Greta A. Fryxell, Michael J. Hambrey, Brian T. Huber, Christopher J. Jenkins, Sung-Ho Kang, Barbara H. Keating, Klaus W. Mehl, Il Noh, Gilles Ollier, Alan Pittenger, Hideo Sakai, Claudia J. Schroder, Anders Solheim, Dean A. Stockwell, Hans R. Thierstein, Bruce Tocher, Brian R. Turner, Wuchang Wei, Elsa Kapitan Mazzullo and Norman J. Stewart. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol.119, p.495-512. Publisher: Texas A & M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States. ISSN: 0884-5891
Note: In English. 71 refs.; illus. incl. 2 tables, 4 plates, sketch map
Summary: An apparently complete Danian section was recovered at ODP Site 738 on the southern Kerguelen Plateau. Calcareous nannofossils are abundant and moderately preserved in the section. A number of taxa common in middle or low latitudes, such as Braarudosphaera, Biscutum? romeinii, Biscutum? parvulum, Cyclagelosphaera, Octolithus multiplus, and Toweius petalosus are absent at Site 738. On the other hand, a bloom of Hornibrookina occurs at Site 738 only slightly (15 cm) above the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary as defined by the iridium peak. Species of Chiasmolithus and Prinsius are very abundant. This gives the nannofossil assemblages distinct high-latitude characteristics and suggests significant latitudinal thermal gradients in the Danian oceans. A Danian nannofossil zonation for the antarctic region is proposed which utilizes traditional markers and several nontraditional markers, i.e., the first occurrences of Hornibrookina, Prinsius martinii, and Chiasmolithus bidens, and the last occurrence of Hornibrookina teuriensis. Quantitative analyses of the calcareous nannofossil assemblages from Site 738 reveal four steps of rapid floral changes in the early Danian before relatively stable nannofloral conditions were reached at about 63.8 Ma. (Auth.)
Year of Publication: 1991
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Algae; Antarctic Ocean; Antarctica; Cenozoic; Correlation; Cretaceous; Danian; Indian Ocean; Iridium; Isotopes; K-T boundary; Kerguelen Plateau; Leg 119; Lower Paleocene; Mesozoic; Metals; Microfossils; Nannofossils; ODP Site 738; Ocean Drilling Program; Paleocene; Paleogene; Plantae; Platinum group; Stratigraphic boundary; Stratigraphy; Tertiary; Thallophytes; Upper Cretaceous
Coordinates: S624236 S624236 E0824648 E0824648
Record ID: 1991059037
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from the Antarctic Bibliography, United States