Living bacteria in Antarctic sediments from ODP Leg 119

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doi: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.119.158.1991
Author(s): Thierstein, Hans R.; Störrlein, Uwe
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
ETH-Zent. Geol. Inst., Zurich, Switzerland
Other:
Tech. Univ. Denmark, Denmark
Ocean Drill. Program, United States
CPRG, France
Tex. A&M Univ., United States
Mus. Hist. Nat., France
Stanford Univ., United States
Bedford Inst. Oceanogr., Canada
Hawaii Inst. Geophys., United States
Alfred Wegener Inst. Polar and Mar. Res., Federal Republic of Germany
Cambridge Univ., United Kingdom
Ohio State Univ., United States
Univ. Sydney, Australia
Ruhr Univ. Bochum, Federal Republic of Germany
Lamont-Doherty Geol. Obs., United States
Toyama Univ., Japan
Dalhousie Univ., Canada
Norw. Polar Res. Inst., Norway
Univ. Tex. at Port Aransas, United States
Eidg. Tech. Hochsch., Federal Republic of Germany
Plymouth Polytech., United Kingdom
Univ. Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Fla. State Univ., United States
Volume Title: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Kerguelen Plateau-Prydz Basin; covering Leg 119 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Port Louis, Mauritius to Fremantle, Australia, sites 736-746, 14 December 1987-20 February 1988
Volume Author(s): Barron, John A.; Larsen, Birger; Baldauf, Jack G.; Alibert, Chantal; Berkowitz, Stephen; Caulet, Jean-Pierre; Chambers, Stephen R.; Cooper, Alan K.; Cranston, Ray E.; Dorn, Wolfgang U.; Ehrmann, Werner U.; Fox, Richard D.; Fryxell, Greta A.; Hambrey, Michael J.; Huber, Brian T.; Jenkins, Christopher J.; Kang, Sung-Ho; Keating, Barbara H.; Mehl, Klaus W.; Noh, Il; Ollier, Gilles; Pittenger, Alan; Sakai, Hideo; Schroder, Claudia J.; Solheim, Anders; Stockwell, Dean A.; Thierstein, Hans R.; Tocher, Bruce; Turner, Brian R.; Wei, Wuchang; Mazzullo, Elsa Kapitan; Stewart, Norman J.
Source: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Kerguelen Plateau-Prydz Basin; covering Leg 119 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Port Louis, Mauritius to Fremantle, Australia, sites 736-746, 14 December 1987-20 February 1988, John A. Barron, Birger Larsen, Jack G. Baldauf, Chantal Alibert, Stephen Berkowitz, Jean-Pierre Caulet, Stephen R. Chambers, Alan K. Cooper, Ray E. Cranston, Wolfgang U. Dorn, Werner U. Ehrmann, Richard D. Fox, Greta A. Fryxell, Michael J. Hambrey, Brian T. Huber, Christopher J. Jenkins, Sung-Ho Kang, Barbara H. Keating, Klaus W. Mehl, Il Noh, Gilles Ollier, Alan Pittenger, Hideo Sakai, Claudia J. Schroder, Anders Solheim, Dean A. Stockwell, Hans R. Thierstein, Bruce Tocher, Brian R. Turner, Wuchang Wei, Elsa Kapitan Mazzullo and Norman J. Stewart. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol.119, p.687-689. Publisher: Texas A & M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States. ISSN: 0884-5891
Note: In English. 11 refs.; illus. incl. 1 table
Summary: A feasibility study was made of the shipboard determination of living microbial cell densities in deep-sea sediments using fluorescence microscopy and the DAPI staining technique. In sediments down to 38 mbsf the number of living bacterial cells per milliliter of sediment ranged from near 0 to near 106, which is well within the range of microbial densities reported from aquatic and sedimentary environments elsewhere. It is suggested that this method be used on future ODP drilling cruises, where recovery of carbon-enriched ancient sediments is expected to verify the long-term diagenetic influence of living microbes in black shale sequences. (Auth.)
Year of Publication: 1991
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 07 Marine Geology and Oceanography; Antarctica; Bacteria; Biota; Diagenesis; Environment; Leg 119; Marine geology; Ocean Drilling Program; Oceanography; Plantae; Sedimentation; Thallophytes
Coordinates: S682310 S593249 E0855147 E0744125
Record ID: 1991059047
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from the Antarctic Bibliography, United States