Paleontology of the Cretaceous of the central Kerguelen Plateau

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doi: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.120.186.1992
Author(s): Watkins, David K.; Quilty, Patrick G.; Mohr, Barbara A. R.; Mao, Shaozhi; Francis, J. E.; Gee, Carole T.; Coffin, Millard F.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Univ. Nebr., Dep. Geol., Lincoln, NE, United States
Other:
Univ. Louis Pasteur, France
Ocean Drill. Program, United States
Univ. Claude Bernard, France
Woods Hole Oceanogr. Inst., United States
Rühr Univ. Bochum, Federal Republic of Germany
Britoil, United Kingdom
Bur. Mineral Resour., Geol. and Geophys., Australia
Ohio State Univ., United States
Univ. Toronto, Canada
Univ. Nebr., United States
Brown Univ., United States
Kobe Univ., Japan
EAWANG/ETH, Switzerland
Alfred Wegener Inst. Polar and Mar. Res., Federal Republic of Germany
Tohoku Univ., United States
Univ. R.I., United States
Aust. Antarct. Div., Australia
Lamont-Doherty Geol. Obs., United States
Mass. Inst. Technol., United States
Univ. Leicester, United Kingdom
Kyoto Univ., Japan
ETH-Zurich, Switzerland
Fla. State Univ., United States
Univ. Adelaide, Australia
Univ. Tex. at Austin, United States
Volume Title: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Central Kerguelen Plateau; covering Leg 120 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Fremantle, Australia, to Fremantle, Australia, sites 747-751, 20 February to 30 April 1988; Part 2
Volume Author(s): Wise, Sherwood W., Jr.; Schlich, Roland; Palmer Julson, Amanda A.; Aubry, Marie-Pierre; Berggren, William A.; Bitschene, Peter Rene; Blackburn, Neal A.; Breza, James R.; Coffin, Millard F.; Harwood, David M.; Heider, Franz; Holmes, Mary Anne; Howard, William R.; Inokuchi, Hiroo; Kelts, Kerry; Lazarus, David B.; Mackensen, Andreas; Maruyama, Toshiaki; Munschy, Marc; Pratson, Elizabeth Lewis; Quilty, Patrick G.; Rack, Frank R.; Salters, Vincent J. M.; Sevigny, James H.; Storey, Michael; Takemura, Atsushi; Watkins, David K.; Whitechurch, Hubert; Zachos, James; Barbu, Eva M.
Source: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Central Kerguelen Plateau; covering Leg 120 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Fremantle, Australia, to Fremantle, Australia, sites 747-751, 20 February to 30 April 1988; Part 2, Sherwood W. Wise, Jr., Roland Schlich, Amanda A. Palmer Julson, Marie-Pierre Aubry, William A. Berggren, Peter Rene Bitschene, Neal A. Blackburn, James R. Breza, Millard F. Coffin, David M. Harwood, Franz Heider, Mary Anne Holmes, William R. Howard, Hiroo Inokuchi, Kerry Kelts, David B. Lazarus, Andreas Mackensen, Toshiaki Maruyama, Marc Munschy, Elizabeth Lewis Pratson, Patrick G. Quilty, Frank R. Rack, Vincent J. M. Salters, James H. Sevigny, Michael Storey, Atsushi Takemura, David K. Watkins, Hubert Whitechurch, James Zachos and Eva M. Barbu. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol.120, p.951-960. Publisher: Texas A & M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States. ISSN: 0884-5891
Note: In English. 12 refs.; illus. incl. sketch map
Summary: A synthesis of the Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil, foraminifer, terrestrial and marine palynomorph, macrofauna, and macroflora data from drill sites on the central Kerguelen Plateau indicates a complex sedimentary history spanning the Albian through the Maestrichtian. Nonmarine Albian sediments from the eastern part of the central plateau record the initial colonization and subsequent succession of plant communities on the basaltic islands left by edifice-building events during the Early Cretaceous. Disconformity-bounded sequences of pelagic calcareous sediment accumulated there throughout the Cenomanian to Early Campanian. Following a widespread hiatus of sedimentation in the mid- Campanian, more continuous pelagic sedimentary sequences accumulated on the eastern and northern parts of the central plateau. This chalk sedimentation was abruptly terminated by the introduction of volcaniclastic debris flows in the northern area, but continued uninterrupted on the eastern margin of the central plateau. The western part of the central plateau entered the marine realm during the Cenomanian, although it remained at shallow (neritic) depths throughout the Cenomanian to Coniacian. A bryozoan-molluscan-foraminifer bank and bank-related facies complex developed in the western central plateau during the Early Campanian. Sedimentation in this complex was interrupted during the mid-Campanian, then resumed during the Late Campanian. (Auth.)
Year of Publication: 1992
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Algae; Biogeography; Biostratigraphy; Calcareous composition; Cretaceous; Dinoflagellata; Environment; Foraminifera; Indian Ocean; Invertebrata; Kerguelen Plateau; Leg 120; Marine environment; Mesozoic; Microfossils; Nannofossils; Ocean Drilling Program; Paleontology; Palynomorphs; Pelagic environment; Plantae; Protista; Sedimentation; Stratigraphy; Thallophytes
Coordinates: S584302 S544838 E0811426 E0762427
Record ID: 1992037060
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from the Antarctic Bibliography, United States