Carbonate platforms; exploration- and production-scale insight from modern analogs in the Bahamas

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doi: 10.1190/1.1438924
Author(s): Grammer, G. Michael; Harris, Paul M.; Eberli, Gregor P.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Texaco Upstream Technology, Houston, TX, United States
Chevron Petroleum Technology Company, United States
University of Miami, United States
Volume Title: Leading Edge (Tulsa, OK)
Source: Leading Edge (Tulsa, OK), 20(3), p.252-254, 256, 258, 260-261. Publisher: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States. ISSN: 1070-485X
Note: In English. 9 refs.; illus., incl. geol. sketch map, sects., 1 table, block diag.
Summary: The search for hydrocarbons in carbonate rocks depends on a thorough understanding of the primary depositional controls on carbonate sediments as well as their postdepositional changes. When a reservoir is discovered, interpretation of depositional facies and a search for applicable analogs become essential for both primary and enhanced field development. Understanding the various lithofacies types, their distribution, and geometry along different styles of carbonate platforms is the first step in evaluating the reservoir potential of carbonate systems. This analysis must be done at regional (or seismic) scale and at production or enhanced production scales to maximize the hydrocarbons that can be extracted from any carbonate reservoir. Postdepositional change, or diagenesis, is another key factor because diagenetic change may create additional porosity and permeability or sometimes reduce or completely destroy porosity in carbonates. Key processes in the diagenetic change of carbonate sediments include cementation in freshwater and seawater environments, and compaction, dissolution, and dolomitization, whereby the original limestone sediments are transformed in whole or in part to dolomite.
Year of Publication: 2001
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 29 Economic Geology, Energy Sources; Atlantic Ocean; Bahamas; Bahamas Drilling Project; Boundary conditions; Carbonate platforms; Caribbean region; Chronostratigraphy; Depositional environment; Diagenesis; Geophysical methods; Geophysical profiles; Geophysical surveys; Great Bahama Bank; Leg 166; Lithofacies; Marine environment; Modern analogs; North Atlantic; Ocean Drilling Program; Petroleum; Petroleum engineering; Petroleum exploration; Reservoir properties; Seismic methods; Seismic profiles; Sequence stratigraphy; Slope environment; Surveys; West Indies
Coordinates: N240000 N250000 W0790000 W0800000
Record ID: 2001040474
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States