Paleocene oceanography of the eastern subtropical Indian Ocean; an integrated magnetobiostratigraphic and stable isotope study of ODP Hole 761B (Wombat Plateau)

Author(s): Quillévéré, Frédéric; Aubry, Marie-Pierre; Norris, Richard D.; Berggren, William A.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Göteborg University, Department of Earth Sciences-Marine Geology, Göteborg, Sweden
Rutgers University, United States
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, United States
Volume Title: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Source: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 184(3-4), p.371-405. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0031-0182 CODEN: PPPYAB
Note: In English. 87 refs.; illus., incl. 9 tables, sketch maps
Summary: Surface and deep water circulation patterns in the eastern Indian Ocean during the Paleocene Epoch are inferred based on an integrated magnetobiostratigraphic and stable isotope investigation of Ocean Drilling Program Hole 761B, drilled on the Wombat Plateau. A combination of magnetostratigraphy, biostratigraphy and isotope stratigraphy demonstrates that numerous deep sea sites that have been considered to show continuous, or nearly continuous sedimentation through the Paleocene are punctuated by a series of hiatuses, some of which exceeding a duration of 1 Myr. Therefore, our study is based on a detailed temporal interpretation of the stratigraphic successions we used for paleoceanographic reconstructions. We compare detailed planktonic and benthic foraminiferal carbon and oxygen isotope records from Hole 761B with several temporally correlative records published from different oceanic provinces in order to distinguish between local and global patterns within the eastern Indian Ocean. Although Site 761 was situated at low latitudes during the Paleocene, its surface waters were predominantly influenced by circulation originating from the Southern Ocean as indicated by inferred cool sea surface temperatures and reduced surface to deep water temperature gradients. We suggest that deep waters in the eastern Indian Ocean were not directly fed by the Southern or Tethys Oceans. Rather, the more negative δ13C composition of the bottom waters recorded by benthic foraminifera implies the presence and/or active contribution of aged deep waters from the Pacific during this time, at least prior to ∼60.2 Ma and subsequent to ∼59.0 Ma. The Indian continent, Ninetyeast Ridge, Kerguelen Plateau and Broken Ridge may have played a significant role as submarine barriers to deep water circulation during the Paleocene. Abstract Copyright (2002) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2002
Research Program: DSDP Deep Sea Drilling Project
IPOD International Phase of Ocean Drilling
ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Algae; Antarctic Ocean; Biostratigraphy; Bottom currents; C-13/C-12; Carbon; Cenozoic; Correlation; Currents; DSDP Site 384; DSDP Site 577; Deep Sea Drilling Project; Deep-water environment; Foraminifera; IPOD; Indian Ocean; Invertebrata; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; Leg 113; Leg 122; Leg 43; Leg 86; Lithostratigraphy; Magnetostratigraphy; Marine environment; Microfossils; Morphology; Nannofossils; ODP Site 690; ODP Site 761; Ocean Drilling Program; Paleo-oceanography; Paleocene; Paleocirculation; Paleocurrents; Paleogene; Plantae; Protista; SEM data; Southern Ocean; Stable isotopes; Tertiary; Weddell Sea; Wombat Plateau
Coordinates: S164414 S164413 E1153206 E1153206
S650938 S650937 E0011218 E0011218
Record ID: 2002069254
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands