Gulf Stream and Western Boundary Undercurrent variations during MIS 10-12 at Site 1056, Blake-Bahama Outer Ridge

Author(s): Chaisson, William P.; Poli, Maria-Serena; Thunell, Robert C.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
University of Rochester, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Rochester, NY, United States
Other:
Stockholm University, Sweden
Eastern Michigan University, United States
University of South Carolina, United States
Volume Title: Climatic variability recorded in sediment drifts from the western North Atlantic Ocean (ODP Leg 172)
Volume Author(s): Rio, Domenico, editor; Arnold, Eve
Source: Climatic variability recorded in sediment drifts from the western North Atlantic Ocean (ODP Leg 172), edited by Domenico Rio and Eve Arnold. Marine Geology, 189(1-2), p.79-105. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0025-3227 CODEN: MAGEA6
Note: In English. Includes appendices. 52 refs.; illus., incl. 3 tables, sketch map
Summary: The stable isotopic composition of two planktonic foraminifer species (Globigerinoides sacculifer and Neogloboquadrina dutertrei) and two benthic foraminifer species (Cibicidoides wuellerstorfi and Uvigerina peregrina) was measured at sub-orbital resolution through the marine isotope stages (MISs) 10, 11, and 12 (345-460 ka) at Site 1056 on the Blake-Bahama Outer Ridge. Planktonic foraminifers were counted for the interval 405-450 ka at 2-4-kyr resolution. Site 1056 (32°29'N, 76°20'W) is located on the continental slope (water depth: 2167 m) beneath the Gulf Stream. The average rate of sediment accumulation through the interval is 11.4 cm/kyr, but sediment accumulation is much more rapid during glacial intervals (15-17 cm/kyr). The decline in percent carbonate during glacial intervals, and its rise during interglacials, indicates that the increased sediment supply is of terrigenous origin. Low carbonate values and low benthic δ13C, which are both associated with a weak Western Boundary Undercurrent and low North Atlantic Deep Water production, persist for 6 kyr after the benthic δ18O record indicates that ice volume has begun to decrease. Recovery of carbonate and benthic δ13C values is abrupt and rapid. Millennial-scale variation (∼3-4 kyr) is apparent in the glacial intervals of the planktonic δ18O records and is more pronounced in a Δδ18O record, which represents the temperature range in the photic zone. Semi-precessional (10-12-kyr) cycles are apparent in the planktonic Δδ13C record. The millennial-scale cycles are largely caused by an increase in G. sacculifer δ18O and represent surface warming. They are interpreted as representing periodic increases in westward intensification of the gyre. The semi-precessional cycles are driven by changes in the N. dutertrei δ13C and represent fluctuations in the Gulf Stream itself and therefore likely have a tropical origin. Planktonic foraminifer census counts did not show an expected response to one of the largest glacial/interglacial transitions of the late Pleistocene. The most obvious change was an increase in faunal diversity during MIS 12.2, the interval of maximum δ18O values. This suggests that cool slope water and warm subtropical gyre water penetrated a more sluggish Gulf Stream with greater frequency at this time. The millennial-scale maxima in the Δδ18O record are accompanied by decreases in diversity, which is consistent with the interpretation of surface warming during these events. Abstract Copyright (2002) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2002
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 24 Surficial Geology, Quaternary Geology; Anomalinidae; Atlantic Ocean; Biostratigraphy; Blake-Bahama Outer Ridge; Buliminacea; C-13/C-12; Carbon; Cassidulinacea; Cenozoic; Cibicidoides; Cibicidoides wuellerstorfi; Currents; Foraminifera; Globigerinacea; Globigerinidae; Globigerinoides; Globigerinoides sacculifer; Gulf Stream; Invertebrata; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; Leg 172; Marine sediments; Microfossils; Neogloboquadrina; Neogloboquadrina dutertrei; North Atlantic; O-18/O-16; ODP Site 1056; Ocean Drilling Program; Ocean currents; Oxygen; Paleo-oceanography; Paleocurrents; Planktonic taxa; Pleistocene; Protista; Quaternary; Rotaliina; Sediments; Stable isotopes; Uvigerina; Uvigerina peregrina; Uvigerinidae; Western Boundary Undercurrent
Coordinates: N322906 N322906 W0761949 W0761949
Record ID: 2002076835
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands