Depositional changes along the Blake-Bahama Outer Ridge deep water transect during marine isotope stages 8 to 10; links to the Deep Western Boundary Current

Author(s): Franz, Sven-Oliver; Tiedemann, Ralf
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Universität Bonn, Geologisches Institut, Bonn, Federal Republic of Germany
Other:
Stockholm University, Sweden
GEOMAR-Forschungszentrum für Marine Geowissenschaften, Federal Republic of Germany
Volume Title: Climatic variability recorded in sediment drifts from the western North Atlantic Ocean (ODP Leg 172)
Volume Author(s): Rio, Domenico, editor; Arnold, Eve
Source: Climatic variability recorded in sediment drifts from the western North Atlantic Ocean (ODP Leg 172), edited by Domenico Rio and Eve Arnold. Marine Geology, 189(1-2), p.107-122. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0025-3227 CODEN: MAGEA6
Note: In English. 41 refs.; illus., incl. 1 table, sketch maps
Summary: ODP sites 1055-1062 recover a bathymetric transect from 1800 to 4800 water depth in the subtropical NW-Atlantic (Carolina Slope, Blake-Bahama Outer Ridge). This sediment drift region is known for high deposition rates (>40 cm/kyr) and offers the excellent opportunity to investigate the history of water mass circulation and chemistry as well as depositional changes during the Quaternary. A late Pleistocene time interval from 250 to 350 kyr (marine isotope stages 8-10) was investigated with centennial- to millennial-scale time resolution. Stable isotope records of benthic foraminifera provide new detailed insights on variations in climate and deep water ventilation. The δ13C records indicate well ventilated North Atlantic water masses between 2200 and 3000 m water depth during the time interval from stage 9 to interstadial 8.5. During the glacial stages 8.4 and 10.2, however, the decrease in δ13C reflects an extension of nutrient-rich Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) up to 2200 m water depth. This is paralleled by a shoaling of the lysocline as indicated by the carbonate records. A comparison between carbonate dissolution proxies points out that the carbonate dissolution at the hemipelagic sites was not only influenced by the different carbonate ion concentration of the water masses (AABW contra North Atlantic Deep Water) but also by the organic carbon flux to the sea floor especially at the shallower sites, whereby the decay of organic matter enhanced carbonate dissolution in the sediments. Additionally the varying depth position and strength of the Deep Western Boundary Current (DWBC) plays an important role on the depositional system along the Blake-Bahama Outer Ridge. Comparisons between current intensities as inferred from grain size analyses, sand, and carbonate contents suggest that high intensities of the DWBC during cold stages caused an erosion of the fine carbonate and an enrichment of the sand fraction at shallower depth. During warm stages the main core of DWBC moved to greater depth and allowed the settling of finer material at shallower depth. Synchronously this led to an increased supply of carbonate and extremely high carbonate concentrations below 3500 m water depth. Abstract Copyright (2002) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2002
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 24 Surficial Geology, Quaternary Geology; Antarctic Bottom Water; Atlantic Ocean; Blake-Bahama Outer Ridge; C-13/C-12; Carbon; Carbonates; Cenozoic; Currents; Deep Western Boundary Current; Deep-water environment; Depositional environment; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; Leg 172; Marine sediments; Mineral composition; North Atlantic; North Atlantic Deep Water; O-18/O-16; Ocean Drilling Program; Ocean currents; Oxygen; Paleo-oceanography; Paleocurrents; Pleistocene; Quaternary; Sediments; Stable isotopes
Coordinates: N280000 N340000 W0570000 W0770000
Record ID: 2002076836
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2017 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands