Millennial-scale climate change and oceanic processes in the late Pliocene and early Pleistocene

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doi: 10.1029/2000PA000526
Author(s): McIntyre, Katherine; Delaney, Margaret L.; Ravelo, A. Christina
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
California Institute of Technology, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, CA, United States
University of California at Santa Cruz, United States
Volume Title: Paleoceanography
Source: Paleoceanography, 16(5), p.535-543. Publisher: American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States. ISSN: 0883-8305 CODEN: POCGEP
Note: In English. 42 refs.; illus., incl. 1 table, sketch map
Summary: We generated 200-500 year resolution records of oceanic processes in the North Atlantic (Ocean Drilling Program Site 983, 60°24'N, 23°38'W, 1983 meters water depth) for intervals in the latest Pliocene (1.86-1.93 Ma) and the earliest Pleistocene (1.75-1.83 Ma) in order to examine the linkages between millennial-scale variations in the ocean and background glacial-interglacial climate change. Within glacial intervals we find evidence for variations similar to those observed in the late Pleistocene. We find discrete ice-rafted debris (IRD) events that reoccur every 2-5 kyr. These events are preceded by a short cooling and accompanied by a reorganization of glacial deep waters. The timing of IRD events in the late Pliocene and early Pleistocene intervals is similar to that of Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles, but we find no IRD events comparable in timing to late Pleistocene Heinrich events. Although interglacial intervals are much more stable, we do find evidence for low-amplitude variations in deep water properties that reoccur every ∼2 kyr within interglacial intervals. The similarity between our late Pliocene--early Pleistocene records and late Pleistocene records implies that the mechanism driving millennial-scale variations cannot be uniquely attributed to the strongly nonlinear linkage between climate and insolation and the large ice sheets of the late Pleistocene. Copyright 2001 by the American Geophysical Union.
Year of Publication: 2001
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Antarctic Bottom Water; Atlantic Ocean; C-13/C-12; Carbon; Cenozoic; Climate change; Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles; Deep-sea environment; Glacial environment; Glacial transport; Heinrich events; Ice; Ice sheets; Interglacial environment; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; Last glacial maximum; Leg 162; Lower Pleistocene; Marine environment; Neogene; North Atlantic; O-18/O-16; ODP Site 983; Ocean Drilling Program; Oxygen; Paleo-oceanography; Paleoclimatology; Paleoenvironment; Paleotemperature; Pleistocene; Pliocene; Quaternary; Sea ice; Stable isotopes; Tertiary; Upper Pliocene
Coordinates: N602412 N602412 W0233826 W0233826
Record ID: 2003000081
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