Palynology of Site 1166, Prydz Bay, East Antarctica

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doi: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.188.013.2004
Author(s): Macphail, M. K.; Truswell, E. M.
Ocean Drilling Program, Leg 188, Shipboard Scientific Party, College Station, TX
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Australian National University, Department of Archaeology and Natural History, Canberra, Australia
Other:
Australian Geological Survey Organisation, Australia
Ocean Drilling Program, United States
University of Leicester, United Kingdom
University of Nebraska, United States
University of Texas at Arlington, United States
Oxford University, United Kingdom
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy
Norwegian Polar Institute, Norway
Christan-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Federal Republic of Germany
University of Utah, United States
University of Toronto at Scarborough, Canada
Curtin University of Technology, Australia
Boston University, United States
British Antarctic Survey, United Kingdom
Ohio State University, United States
Florida State University, United States
University of Tasmania, Australia
Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisico Sperimentale, Italy
University of Oulu, Finland
Jacques Whitford and Associates, Canada
California State University, United States
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, United States
Volume Title: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; Prydz Bay-Cooperation Sea, Antarctica; glacial history and paleoceanography; covering Leg 188 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; Fremantle, Australia, to Hobart, Tasmania; Sites 1165-1167; 10 January-11 March 2000
Volume Author(s): Cooper, Alan K.; O'Brien, Philip E.; Richter, Carl; Barr, Samantha R.; Bohaty, Steven M.; Claypool, George E.; Damuth, John E.; Erwin, Patrick S.; Florindo, Fabio; Forsberg, Carl Fredrik; Grützner, Jens; Handwerger, David A.; Januszczak, Nicole N.; Kaiko, Alexander; Kryc, Kelly A.; Lavelle, Mark; Passchier, Sandra; Pospichal, James J.; Quilty, Patrick G.; Rebesco, Michele A.; Strand, Kari O.; Taylor, Brian; Theissen, Kevin M.; Warnke, Detlef A.; Whalen, Patricia A.; Whitehead, Jason M.; Williams, Trevor
Source: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; Prydz Bay-Cooperation Sea, Antarctica; glacial history and paleoceanography; covering Leg 188 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; Fremantle, Australia, to Hobart, Tasmania; Sites 1165-1167; 10 January-11 March 2000, Alan K. Cooper, Philip E. O'Brien, Carl Richter, Samantha R. Barr, Steven M. Bohaty, George E. Claypool, John E. Damuth, Patrick S. Erwin, Fabio Florindo, Carl Fredrik Forsberg, Jens Grützner, David A. Handwerger, Nicole N. Januszczak, Alexander Kaiko, Kelly A. Kryc, Mark Lavelle, Sandra Passchier, James J. Pospichal, Patrick G. Quilty, Michele A. Rebesco, Kari O. Strand, Brian Taylor, Kevin M. Theissen, Detlef A. Warnke, Patricia A. Whalen, Jason M. Whitehead and Trevor Williams; Ocean Drilling Program, Leg 188, Shipboard Scientific Party, College Station, TX. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results (CD ROM), Vol.188, 43p. Publisher: Texas A&M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States. ISSN: 1096-2514
Note: In English. Available only on CD-ROM in PDF format and on the Web in PDF and HTML. 88 refs.CD-ROM format, ISSN 1096-2514; WWW format, ISSN 1096-7451; strat. col., 10 plates, 6 tables, sketch map
Summary: Twenty-three core catcher samples from Site 1166 (Hole 1166A) in Prydz Bay were analyzed for their palynomorph content, with the aims of determining the ages of the sequence penetrated, providing information on the vegetation of the Antarctic continent at this time, and determining the environments under which deposition occurred. Dinocysts, pollen and spores, and foraminiferal test linings were recovered from most samples in the interval from 142.5 to 362.03 meters below seafloor (mbsf). The interval from 142.5 to 258.72 mbsf yielded palynomorphs indicative of a middle-late Eocene age, equivalent to the lower-middle Nothofagidites asperus Zone of the Gippsland Basin of southeastern Australia. The Prydz Bay sequence represents the first well-dated section of this age from East Antarctica. Dinocysts belonging to the widespread "Transantarctic Flora" give a more confident late Eocene age for the interval 142.5-220.5 mbsf. The uppermost two cores within this interval, namely, those from 142.5 and 148.36 mbsf, show significantly higher frequencies of dinocysts than the cores below and suggest that an open marine environment prevailed at the time of deposition. The spore and pollen component may reflect a vegetation akin to the modern rainforest scrubs of Tasmania and New Zealand. Below 267 mbsf, sparse microfloras, mainly of spores and pollen, are equated with the Phyllocladidites mawsonii Zone of southeastern Australia, which is of Turonian to possibly Santonian age. Fluvial to marginal marine environments of deposition are suggested. The parent vegetation from this interval is here described as "Austral Conifer Woodland." The same Late Cretaceous microflora occurs in two of the cores above the postulated unconformity at 267 mbsf. In the core at 249.42 mbsf, the Late Cretaceous spores and pollen are uncontaminated by any Tertiary forms, suggesting that a clast of this older material has been sampled; such a clast may reflect transport by ice during the Eocene. At 258.72 mbsf, Late Cretaceous spores and pollen appear to have been recycled into the Eocene sediments.
Year of Publication: 2004
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Antarctica; Biostratigraphy; Cenozoic; Correlation; Cretaceous; Depositional environment; East Antarctica; Eocene; Glacial environment; Glaciomarine environment; Leg 188; Lithostratigraphy; Marine environment; Mesozoic; Microfossils; Miospores; ODP Site 1166; Ocean Drilling Program; Paleoecology; Paleoenvironment; Paleogene; Palynomorphs; Pollen; Prydz Bay; Southern Ocean; Tertiary; Upper Cretaceous
Coordinates: S674200 S674100 E0744800 E0744700
Record ID: 2004083815
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