Anomalous uplift and subsidence of the Ontong Java Plateau inferred from CO2 contents of submarine basaltic glasses

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doi: 10.1130/G21142.1
Author(s): Roberge, Julie; Wallace, Paul J.; White, Rosalind V.; Coffin, Millard F.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
University of Oregon, Department of Geological Sciences, Eugene, OR, United States
University of Leicester, United Kingdom
University of Tokyo, Japan
Volume Title: Geology (Boulder)
Source: Geology (Boulder), 33(6), p.501-504. Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States. ISSN: 0091-7613 CODEN: GLGYBA
Note: In English. 24 refs.; illus., incl. 1 table
Summary: The Ontong Java Plateau in the western Pacific is anomalous compared to other oceanic large igneous provinces in that it appears to have never formed a large subaerial plateau. Paleoeruption depths (at 122 Ma) estimated from dissolved H2O and CO2 in submarine basaltic glass pillow rims vary from ∼1100 m below sea level (mbsl) on the central part of the plateau to 2200-3000 mbsl on the northeastern edge. Our results suggest maximum initial uplift for the plateau of 2500-3600 m above the surrounding seafloor and 1500 ± 400 m of postemplacement subsidence since 122 Ma. Our estimates of uplift and subsidence for the plateau are significantly less than predictions from thermal models of oceanic lithosphere, and thus our results are inconsistent with formation of the plateau by a high-temperature mantle plume. Two controversial possibilities to explain the anomalous uplift and subsidence are that the plateau (1) formed as a result of a giant bolide impact, or (2) formed from a mantle plume but has a lower crust of dense garnet granulite and/or eclogite; neither of these possibilities is fully consistent with all available geological, geophysical, and geochemical data. The origin of the largest magmatic event on Earth in the past 200 m.y. thus remains an enigma.
Year of Publication: 2005
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 05 Petrology, Igneous and Metamorphic; Anomalies; Basaltic composition; Carbon dioxide; Eruptions; Experimental studies; FTIR spectra; Geochemistry; Glasses; Igneous rocks; Impacts; Infrared spectra; Interpretation; Large igneous provinces; Leg 192; Major elements; Mantle; Mantle plumes; Marine environment; ODP Site 1183; ODP Site 1184; ODP Site 1185; ODP Site 1186; ODP Site 1187; Ocean Drilling Program; Ontong Java Plateau; Pacific Ocean; Plateaus; Spectra; Submarine environment; Subsidence; Trace elements; Uplifts; Volatiles; Volcanic glass; Volcanic rocks; Volcaniclastics; Volcanism; Water; West Pacific
Coordinates: S011100 S011100 E1570100 E1570100
S050100 S050100 E1641400 E1641400
S002100 S002100 E1614000 E1614000
S004100 S004100 E1595100 E1595100
N005600 N005600 E1612700 E1612700
Record ID: 2005037574
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States