High-resolution magnetostratigraphy of late Quaternary sediments from Lake Baikal, Siberia; timing of intracontinental paleoclimatic responses

Online Access: Get full text
doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2004.09.016
Author(s): Demory, François; Nowaczyk, Norbert R.; Witt, Annette; Oberhänsli, Hedi
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Potsdam, Federal Republic of Germany
University College London, United Kingdom
Volume Title: Progress towards reconstructing past climate in central Eurasia, with special emphasis on Lake Baikal
Volume Author(s): Oberhänsli, Hedi, editor; Mackay, Anson W.
Source: Progress towards reconstructing past climate in central Eurasia, with special emphasis on Lake Baikal, edited by Hedi Oberhänsli and Anson W. Mackay. Global and Planetary Change, 46(1-4), p.167-186. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0921-8181
Note: In English. 47 refs.; illus., incl. 2 tables, sketch maps
Summary: Sediment cores retrieved from 6 locations in Lake Baikal were subjected to a paleomagnetic study in order to establish detailed age models based on correlations of relative paleointensity records. Additional data were provided by calibrated accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) 14C dating, as well as by documentation of geomagnetic excursions like Laschamp at ∼42 ka and Iceland Basin at ∼185 ka. Few intervals were affected by diagenetic features like selective reductive dissolution of magnetite and greigite mineralization (Demory et al., 2005-this issue), and those that were left out of paleointensity records. These records were tuned to the well-dated paleomagnetic record from ODP Site 984 Channell [Channell, J. E. T., 1999. Geomagnetic paleointensity and directional secular variation at Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) site 984 (Bjorn Drift) since 500 ka: comparisons with ODP site 983 (Gardar drift). J. Geophys. Res., B: [Solid Earth], 104 (10):22, 937-22, 951]. The complex shape of the resulting depth/age curves highlights the need for a high-resolution age model. We focused on the climatic boundary between marine isotopic stage (MIS) 7 and 6 where the Iceland Basin paleomagnetic excursion is clearly documented in the North Atlantic Channell et al. [Channell, J. E. T., Hodell, D. A., Lehman, B., 1997. Relative geomagnetic paleointensity and δ18O at ODP Site 983 (Gardar Drift, North Atlantic) since 350 ka. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 153 (1-2), 103-118] and in Lake Baikal Oda et al. [Oda, H., Nakamura, K., Ikehara, K., Nakano, T., Nishimura, M., Khlystov, O., 2002. Paleomagnetic record from Academician Ridge, Lake Baikal: a reversal excursion at the base of marine oxygen isotope stage 6. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 202 (1), 117-132]; present study). During this period, we provide evidence for a return to cold conditions in the Lake Baikal region simultaneous to the sea surface cooling, but earlier than the global ice volume change observed in North Atlantic planktonic and benthic δ18O records, respectively. The classical strategy of age model reconstruction, based on direct correlation of the climatic record from Lake Baikal sediments with the marine δ18O reference curves is shown here to be unreliable. Moreover, this strategy does not consider (i) the nonlinearity of the age model in Lake Baikal sediments and (ii) the time lags between the global ice volume change and sea surface cooling observed in δ18O marine records. Finally, the "Baikal 200" compilation of the paleointensity records established in this study provides a 200-ka-long synthetic paleomagnetic record for central Eurasia. Abstract Copyright (2005) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2005
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 24 Surficial Geology, Quaternary Geology; Absolute age; Asia; C-14; Carbon; Cenozoic; Climate change; Commonwealth of Independent States; Cooling; Cores; Dates; Eurasia; High-resolution methods; Ice; Isothermal remanent magnetization; Isotopes; Lacustrine environment; Lake Baikal; Lake sediments; Leg 162; Magnetic intensity; Magnetization; Magnetostratigraphy; Natural remanent magnetization; Ocean Drilling Program; Paleoclimatology; Paleolimnology; Paleomagnetism; Paleotemperature; Quaternary; Radioactive isotopes; Remanent magnetization; Russian Federation; Saturation magnetization; Sediments; Statistical analysis; Temperature; Time series analysis
Coordinates: N520000 N560000 E1100000 E1040000
Record ID: 2005045696
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands