Clay mineralogy of mudstones from the Nankai Trough reference Sites 1173 and 1177 and frontal accretionary prism Site 1174

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doi: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.190196.211.2003
Author(s): Steurer, Joan F.; Underwood, Michael B.
Ocean Drilling Program, Leg 190, Shipboard Scientific Party, College Station, TX
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
University of Missouri Columbia, Department of Geological Sciences, Columbia, MO, United States
Other:
University of Tokyo, Japan
Volume Title: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; deformation and fluid flow processes in the Nankai Trough accretionary prism; coring, logging while drilling and advanced CORKs covering Legs 190 to 196 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; Sydney, Australia, to Yokohama, Japan, Sites 1173-1178, 23 May-16 July 2000; and Keelung, Taiwan, to Kochi, Japan, Sites 808-1173, 2 May-1 July 2001
Volume Author(s): Moore, Gregory F.; Taira, Asahiko; Klaus, Adam; Becker, Keir; Becker, Luann; Boeckel, Babette; Cragg, Barry A.; Dean, P. Allison; Fergusson, Christopher L.; Henry, Pierre; Hirano, Satoshi; Hisamitsu, Toshio; Hunze, Sabine; Kastner, Miriam; Maltman, Alex J.; Morgan, Julia K.; Murakami, Yuki; Saffer, Demian M.; Sánchez-Gómez, Mario; Screaton, Elizabeth J.; Smith, David C.; Spivack, Arthur J.; Steurer, Joan F.; Tobin, Harold J.; Ujiie, Kohtaro; Underwood, Michael B.; Wilson, Moyra E. J.; Mikada, Hitoshi; Moore, J. Casey; Austin, Gary L.; Bangs, Nathan L. B.; Bourlange, Sylvain; Broilliard, Julien; Brückmann, Warner; Corn, Ernest Ray; Davis, Earl E.; Flemings, Peter B.; Goldberg, David S.; Gulick, Sean P. S.; Hansen, Martin Bak; Hayward, Nathan; Hills, Denise J.; Ienaga, Masanori; Ishiguro, Hiroyasu; Kinoshita, Masataka; Macdonald, Robert D.; McNeill, Lisa; Obana, Shinichi; Hong, Ong Swee; Peacock, Sheila; Pettigrew, Thomas L.; Saito, Saneatsu; Sawa, Takao; Thaiprasert, Nophawit; Tsurumi, Hikaru
Source: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; deformation and fluid flow processes in the Nankai Trough accretionary prism; coring, logging while drilling and advanced CORKs covering Legs 190 to 196 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; Sydney, Australia, to Yokohama, Japan, Sites 1173-1178, 23 May-16 July 2000; and Keelung, Taiwan, to Kochi, Japan, Sites 808-1173, 2 May-1 July 2001, Gregory F. Moore, Asahiko Taira, Adam Klaus, Keir Becker, Luann Becker, Babette Boeckel, Barry A. Cragg, P. Allison Dean, Christopher L. Fergusson, Pierre Henry, Satoshi Hirano, Toshio Hisamitsu, Sabine Hunze, Miriam Kastner, Alex J. Maltman, Julia K. Morgan, Yuki Murakami, Demian M. Saffer, Mario Sánchez-Gómez, Elizabeth J. Screaton, David C. Smith, Arthur J. Spivack, Joan F. Steurer, Harold J. Tobin, Kohtaro Ujiie, Michael B. Underwood, Moyra E. J. Wilson, Hitoshi Mikada, J. Casey Moore, Gary L. Austin, Nathan L. B. Bangs, Sylvain Bourlange, Julien Broilliard, Warner Brückmann, Ernest Ray Corn, Earl E. Davis, Peter B. Flemings, David S. Goldberg, Sean P. S. Gulick, Martin Bak Hansen, Nathan Hayward, Denise J. Hills, Masanori Ienaga, Hiroyasu Ishiguro, Masataka Kinoshita, Robert D. Macdonald, Lisa McNeill, Shinichi Obana, Ong Swee Hong, Sheila Peacock, Thomas L. Pettigrew, Saneatsu Saito, Takao Sawa, Nophawit Thaiprasert and Hikaru Tsurumi; Ocean Drilling Program, Leg 190, Shipboard Scientific Party, College Station, TX; Ocean Drilling Program, Leg 196, Shipboard Scientific Party, College Station, TX. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results (CD ROM), Vol.190/196, 37p. Publisher: Texas A&M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States. ISSN: 1096-2514
Note: In English. Available only on CD-ROM in PDF format and on the Web in PDF or HTML. 79 refs.CD-ROM format, ISSN 1096-2514; WWW format, ISSN 1096-7451; illus., incl. strat. col., 3 tables, sketch map
Summary: X-ray diffraction analyses of the clay-sized fraction of sediments from the Nankai Trough and Shikoku Basin (Sites 1173, 1174, and 1177 of the Ocean Drilling Program) reveal spatial and temporal trends in clay minerals and diagenesis. More detrital smectite was transported into the Shikoku Basin during the early-middle Miocene than what we observe today, and smectite input decreased progressively through the late Miocene and Pliocene. Volcanic ash has been altered to dioctahedral smectite in the upper Shikoku Basin facies at Site 1173; the ash alteration front shifts upsection to the outer trench-wedge facies at Site 1174. At greater depths (lower Shikoku Basin facies), smectite alters to illite/smectite mixed-layer clay, but reaction progress is incomplete. Using ambient geothermal conditions, a kinetic model overpredicts the amount of illite in illite/smectite clays by 15%-20% at Site 1174. Numerical simulations come closer to observations if the concentration of potassium in pore water is reduced or the time of burial is shortened. Model results match X-ray diffraction results fairly well at Site 1173. The geothermal gradient at Site 1177 is substantially lower than at Sites 1173 and 1174; consequently, volcanic ash alters to smectite in lower Shikoku Basin deposits but smectite-illite diagenesis has not started. The absolute abundance of smectite in mudstones from Site 1177 is sufficient (30-60 wt%) to influence the strata's shear strength and hydrogeology as they subduct along the Ashizuri Transect.
Year of Publication: 2005
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 06 Petrology, Sedimentary; Accretionary wedges; Clastic rocks; Clay mineralogy; Clay minerals; Diagenesis; Illite; Leg 190; Lithostratigraphy; Mineral composition; Mudstone; Nankai Trough; North Pacific; Northwest Pacific; ODP Site 1173; ODP Site 1174; ODP Site 1177; Ocean Drilling Program; Pacific Ocean; Sedimentary rocks; Sediments; Sheet silicates; Shikoku Basin; Silicates; Smectite; West Pacific; X-ray diffraction data
Coordinates: N322000 N322100 E1345800 E1345700
N313900 N314000 E1340100 E1340000
N321500 N321500 E1350200 E1350200
Record ID: 2005060942
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