Orbital forcing of tropical water balance inferred from sulfur speciation in lake sediments

Online Access: Get full text
doi: 10.1130/2005.2395(04)
Author(s): Mora, Germán; Hinnov, Linda
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Iowa State University, Department of Geological and Atmospheric Sciences, Ames, IA, United States
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States
Johns Hopkins University, United States
Volume Title: Isotopic and elemental tracers of Cenozoic climate change
Volume Author(s): Mora, Germán, editor; Surge, Donna
Source: Special Paper - Geological Society of America, Vol.395, p.33-42; Geological Society of America, 2001 annual meeting; symposium on Isotopic and elemental tracers of Cenozoic climate change, Boston, MA, Nov. 1-10, 2001, edited by Germán Mora and Donna Surge. Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States. ISSN: 0072-1077. ISBN: 0-8137-2395-7 CODEN: GSAPAZ
Note: In English. 75 refs.; illus., incl. sketch map
Summary: Although water balance in terrestrial settings is an important climate parameter, relatively few proxies are available for reconstructing effective moisture. Here, we investigate the possibility of using sulfur speciation as a proxy for paleorainfall in sediments recovered from a large paleolake in the Bogota Basin, Colombia and spanning the past 660 k.y. Samples were digested with a mild acidic solution to extract acid-soluble sulfur minerals. Sulfur species extracted through this procedure included monosulfides, whereas sulfur in the remaining acid-insoluble fraction was found to be bound to organosulfur compounds. Monosulfide/total sulfur ratios range from 0.2 to 0.9 in the studied sediments and exhibit a cyclic distribution with depth. Low (<0.4) monosulfide/total sulfur ratios are characteristic of glacial intervals, whereas interglacial intervals exhibit both low and high ratios. Because partitioning of sulfur between monosulfides and organosulfur compounds depends on iron availability, we interpret that elevated iron delivery to the paleolake occurs at relatively high precipitation rates and results in the sequestration of sulfur in monosulfide minerals. Conversely, incorporation of sulfur into organic matter occurs at low precipitation rates when iron supply is low. Time-series analysis of sulfur ratios reveals the influence of orbital parameters (i.e., eccentricity, obliquity, and precession). Given that rainfall in the tropics is primarily associated with the passage of the Intertropical Convergence Zone, we conclude that orbital forcing exerts a significant control on the intensity or zonality of the Intertropical Convergence Zone that ultimately affects rainfall patterns in the Colombian Andes.
Year of Publication: 2005
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 02 Geochemistry; 24 Surficial Geology, Quaternary Geology; Andes; Applications; Bogota Basin; Bogota Colombia; Cenozoic; Chemical fractionation; Climate forcing; Colombia; East Pacific; Equatorial Pacific; Funza Colombia; Geochemistry; Glacial environment; Hydrology; Interglacial environment; Lacustrine environment; Lake sediments; Leg 111; Limnology; Marine environment; Microfossils; Milankovitch theory; ODP Site 677; Ocean Drilling Program; Orbital forcing; Pacific Ocean; Paleoclimatology; Paleohydrology; Palynomorphs; Pleistocene; Quaternary; Rainfall; Sediments; Sequestration; South America; Statistical analysis; Sulfur; Terrestrial environment; Time series analysis; Tropical environment; Water balance
Coordinates: N011203 N011209 W0834413 W0834414
N043800 N043800 W0740500 W0740500
Record ID: 2006011047
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute.