Controls on grain-size patterns in periplatform carbonates; marginal setting versus glacio-eustacy

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doi: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2004.12.025
Author(s): Rendle-Buhring, Rebecca H.; Reijmer, John J. G.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
University of Bremen, DFG Research Centre Ocean Margins, Bremen, Federal Republic of Germany
Vrije Universiteit, Netherlands
GEOMAR, Federal Republic of Germany
Volume Title: Sedimentology in the 21st Century; a tribute to Wolfgang Schlager
Volume Author(s): Reijmer, John J. G., editor; Immenhauser, Adrian
Source: Sedimentology in the 21st Century; a tribute to Wolfgang Schlager, edited by John J. G. Reijmer and Adrian Immenhauser. Sedimentary Geology, 175(1-4), p.99-113. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0037-0738 CODEN: SEGEBX
Note: In English. 72 refs.; illus., incl. sketch map
Summary: The importance of grain size as a fundamental property controlling other physically derived properties is well known. Recent grain-size studies on periplatform sediments of the Caribbean and western north Atlantic have shown that grain-size variability is coupled with changes in carbonate platform productivity and export in response to Pleistocene-Holocene glacio-eustacy. These findings showed that periplatform sediments are dominated by fine-grained material during sea-level highstands and coarser material during sea-level lowstands. This paper addresses the question of grain-size patterns in periplatform settings and their relationship to glacio-eustacy. Furthermore, it considers whether these patterns are applicable to different types of margin settings (accretionary-erosional). Here, existing data (Pleistocene-Holocene) from the accretionary western leeward margin of Great Bahama Bank (ODP Leg 166) and new data from the erosional eastern windward margin (ODP Leg 101) are used. The results show that the grain-size patterns of both margins are controlled by late Neogene sea-level fluctuations. The accretionary leeward margin sediments indicate the same grain-size pattern as previously described in the literature. However, the erosional windward margin shows a reverse pattern, with coarser sediments in interglacials and finer deposits in glacials. This proposes that the leeward margin grain-size pattern is controlled by the productivity-export mode of the platform. This is indicated by the platform-top-derived fine muds, transported off-bank, to form a thick sediment wedge on the low-angled slope during interglacials. In contrast, on the windward margin, the sediment flux pattern is controlled by the impact of mass transport processes. This is indicated by the increased occurrence of turbidites during interglacials that might be more frequent at this time because the steep-angled erosional slope is less apt for the deposition of excess fine material. This material is eroded and/or bypasses the slopes and is redeposited in the periplatform basin setting. Abstract Copyright (2005) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2005
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Atlantic Ocean; Bahamas; Carbonates; Caribbean Sea; Caribbean region; Cenozoic; Climate change; Controls; Eustasy; Glacial rebound; Grain size; Great Bahama Bank; Isostatic rebound; Leg 101; Leg 166; Marine sediments; Neogene; North Atlantic; Ocean Drilling Program; Paleo-oceanography; Paleoclimatology; Patterns; Pleistocene; Quaternary; Sea-level changes; Sediments; Tertiary; West Indies
Coordinates: N200000 N300000 W0750000 W0850000
Record ID: 2006020728
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands