Microbial community composition in deep marine subsurface sediments of ODP Leg 201; sequencing surveys and cultivations

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doi: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.201.120.2006
Author(s): Teske, Andreas P.
Ocean Drilling Program, Leg 201, Shipboard Scientific Party, College Station, TX
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Biology Department, Woods Hole, MA, United States
Other:
University of Rhode Island, United States
Ocean Drilling Program, United States
University of California Santa Cruz, United States
U. S. Geological Survey, United States
Yale University, United States
University of Bristol, United Kingdom
Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Federal Republic of Germany
Rice University, United States
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, United States
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, United States
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, United States
Stockholm University, Sweden
Pennsylvania State University, United States
Japan Marine Science and Technology Center, Japan
ETH Zurich, Switzerland
University of Texas at Dallas, United States
Texas A&M University, United States
Shinshu University, Japan
Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, Federal Republic of Germany
Sydney University of Technology, Australia
University of Georgia, United States
Volume Title: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; controls on microbial communities in deeply buried sediments, eastern Equatorial Pacific and Peru Margin; covering Leg 201 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; San Diego, California, to Valparaiso, Chile; Sites 1225-1231; 27 January-29 March 2002
Volume Author(s): Jorgensen, Bo B., editor; D'Hondt, Steven L.; Miller, D. Jay; Aiello, Ivano W.; Bekins, Barbara; Blake, Ruth E.; Cragg, Barry A.; Cypionka, Heribert; Dickens, Gerald R.; Ferdelman, Timothy G.; Ford, Kathryn H.; Gettemy, Glen L.; Guèrin, Gilles; Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe; Holm, Nils G.; House, Christopher H.; Inagaki, Fumio; Meister, Patrick; Mitterer, Richard M.; Naehr, Thomas H.; Niitsuma, Sachiko; Parkes, R. John; Schippers, Axel; Skilbeck, C. Gregory; Smith, David C.; Spivack, Arthur J.; Teske, Andreas P.; Wiegel, Juergen
Source: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; controls on microbial communities in deeply buried sediments, eastern Equatorial Pacific and Peru Margin; covering Leg 201 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; San Diego, California, to Valparaiso, Chile; Sites 1225-1231; 27 January-29 March 2002, Bo B. Jorgensen, Steven L. D'Hondt, D. Jay Miller, Ivano W. Aiello, Barbara Bekins, Ruth E. Blake, Barry A. Cragg, Heribert Cypionka, Gerald R. Dickens, Timothy G. Ferdelman, Kathryn H. Ford, Glen L. Gettemy, Gilles Guèrin, Kai-Uwe Hinrichs, Nils G. Holm, Christopher H. House, Fumio Inagaki, Patrick Meister, Richard M. Mitterer, Thomas H. Naehr, Sachiko Niitsuma, R. John Parkes, Axel Schippers, C. Gregory Skilbeck, David C. Smith, Arthur J. Spivack, Andreas P. Teske and Juergen Wiegel; Ocean Drilling Program, Leg 201, Shipboard Scientific Party, College Station, TX. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results (CD ROM), Vol.201, 19p. Publisher: Texas A&M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States. ISSN: 1096-2514
Note: In English. Available only on CD-ROM in PDF format and on the Web in PDF or HTML. 85 refs.CD-ROM, ISSN 1096-2514; WWW, ISSN 1096-7451; illus., incl. 2 tables
Summary: Recent molecular analyses of Leg 201 subsurface sediments show that microbial communities of deep marine sediments harbor members of distinct, uncultured bacterial and archaeal lineages, in addition to Gram-positive bacteria (Firmicutes and Actinobacteria), members of the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides phylum, and Proteobacteria that are detected by cultivation surveys. Several of these subsurface lineages show cosmopolitan occurrence patterns; they can be found in cold marine sediments and in hydrothermal habitats, suggesting a continuous deep subsurface and hydrothermal biosphere. Some archaeal and bacterial lineages appear to be well-diversified generalists that occur in subsurface sediments as well as in a wide range of terrestrial and aquatic habitats.
Year of Publication: 2006
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 07 Marine Geology and Oceanography; Archaea; Bacteria; Communities; Continental margin; Cores; East Pacific; Equatorial Pacific; Geochemistry; Habitat; Leg 201; Marine sediments; Microorganisms; Ocean Drilling Program; Pacific Ocean; Paleoecology; Peru; Phylogeny; Sediments; South America; Surveys; Thermophilic taxa
Coordinates: S120500 N035000 W0775500 W1103500
Record ID: 2007008190
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