Analytical sediment chemistry on board the JOIDES Resolution; a comparison of shipboard and shore-based sample preparation protocols

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doi: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.206.009.2007
Author(s): Ziegler, C. L.; Murray, R. W.
Ocean Drilling Program, Leg 206, Shipboard Scientific Party, College Station, TX
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Boston University, Department of Earth Sciences, Boston, MA, United States
Other:
University of California, Santa Barbara, United States
Ocean Drilling Program, United States
University of Michigan, United States
University of Alberta, Canada
University of Leicester, United Kingdom
California Institute of Technology, United States
Universita di Genova, Italy
Université de Montpellier II, France
Florida State University, United States
Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Federal Republic of Germany
University of Utah, United States
Universitë de Aix-Marseille, France
Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Federal Republic of Germany
Macquarie University, Australia
Universita di Milano, Italy
Shizuoka University, Japan
Boston University, United States
Volume Title: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; volume 206; scientific results; an in situ section of the upper oceanic crust formed by superfast seafloor spreading; covering Leg 206 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; Balboa, Panama to Balboa, Panama; Site 1256; 6 November 2002-4 January 2003
Volume Author(s): Teagle, Damon A. H.; Wilson, Douglas S.; Acton, Gary D.; Alt, Jeffrey C.; Banerjee, Neil R.; Barr, Samantha R.; Coggon, Rosalind; Cooper, Kari M.; Crispini, Laura; Einaudi, Florence; Jiang, Shijun; Kalberkamp, Ulrich; Kerneklian, Marcie J.; Laverne, Christine; Nichols, Holly J.; Sandwell, Rachel; Tartarotti, Paola; Umino, Susumu; Ziegler, Christa
Source: Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; volume 206; scientific results; an in situ section of the upper oceanic crust formed by superfast seafloor spreading; covering Leg 206 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; Balboa, Panama to Balboa, Panama; Site 1256; 6 November 2002-4 January 2003, Damon A. H. Teagle, Douglas S. Wilson, Gary D. Acton, Jeffrey C. Alt, Neil R. Banerjee, Samantha R. Barr, Rosalind Coggon, Kari M. Cooper, Laura Crispini, Florence Einaudi, Shijun Jiang, Ulrich Kalberkamp, Marcie J. Kerneklian, Christine Laverne, Holly J. Nichols, Rachel Sandwell, Paola Tartarotti, Susumu Umino and Christa Ziegler; Ocean Drilling Program, Leg 206, Shipboard Scientific Party, College Station, TX. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results (CD ROM), Vol.206, 26p. Publisher: Texas A&M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States. ISSN: 1096-2514
Note: In English. 8 refs.CD-ROM format, ISSN 1096-2514; WWW format, 1096-7451; illus., incl. 6 tables, sketch map
Summary: We measured the chemical composition of 100 samples from the 250-m sediment sequence retrieved from Ocean Drilling Program Site 1256 in the Guatemala Basin using a newly developed microwave-assisted acid digestion protocol followed by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) analysis. We compared these data gathered onshore to the results from the flux fusion prepared samples analyzed by shipboard ICP-AES during the leg and published in the Leg 206 Initial Reports volume, as well as to 35 randomly selected samples that were prepared by flux fusion at Boston University and analyzed by ICP-AES. Comparison of the newly developed acid digestion protocol to shore-based flux fusion demonstrates that the microwave-assisted acid technique yields a complete digestion, and because this procedure includes boric acid, it is safe for use with HF acid as boric acid neutralizes excess HF. The precision for nearly all elements in shorebased acid digestions is better than 3% of the measured values, including for elements such as Ni, Cr, and V, which are typically difficult to measure in biogenic-rich sediments. The shore-based flux fusions, while better than shipboard reported precision values (as expected), has precision better than 3% of their respective measured values for all major elements (Si, Al, Ti, Fe, Mn, Ca, Mg, Na, and K) and several trace elements (Ba and Sr). Results for P, Cr, Ni, V, Sc, and Zr are better than 5% of their measured values. Not only does the newly developed acid digestion provide better analytical results than the typical flux fusion method, the shore-based acid procedure also exhibits downhole lithologic and chemical characteristics similar to the shipboard flux fusion prepared results. These results confirm that the current shipboard methods are adequate for first-order geochemical interpretations and that the microwave- assisted acid digestion holds great potential to be the primary technique of preparing sediments on future Integrated Ocean Drilling Program expeditions.
Year of Publication: 2007
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 02 Geochemistry; Accuracy; Acid digestion method; Chemical analysis; Chemical composition; Concentration; East Pacific; East Pacific Rise; Equatorial Pacific; Flux fusion method; Geochemistry; Guatemala Basin; Inductively coupled plasma methods; Interlaboratory comparison; Leg 206; Major elements; Marine sediments; Measurement; New methods; North Pacific; Northeast Pacific; ODP Site 1256; Ocean Drilling Program; Pacific Ocean; Plasma emission spectroscopy; Precision; Quality control; Regression analysis; Sample preparation; Sediments; Spectroscopy; Statistical analysis; Trace elements
Coordinates: N064400 N064400 W0915600 W0915600
Record ID: 2007124230
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