Protracted construction of gabbroic crust at a slow spreading ridge; constraints from 206Pb/238U zircon ages from Atlantis Massif and IODP Hole U1309D (30°N, MAR)

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doi: 10.1029/2008GC002063
Author(s): Grimes, Craig B.; John, Barbara E.; Cheadle, Michael J.; Wooden, Joseph L.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
University of Wyoming, Department of Geology and Geophysics, Laramie, WY, United States
Other:
U. S. Geological Survey, United States
Volume Title: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems - G<sup>3</sup>
Source: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems - G>3`, 9(8). Publisher: American Geophysical Union and The Geochemical Society, United States. ISSN: 1525-2027
Note: In English. 78 refs.; illus., incl. 3 tables
Summary: Sensitive high-resolution ion microprobe (SHRIMP) U-Pb zircon ages of 24 samples from oceanic crust recovered in Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Hole U1309D and from the surface of Atlantis Massif, Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) (30°N) document a protracted history of accretion in the footwall to an oceanic detachment fault. Ages for 18 samples of evolved Fe-Ti oxide gabbro and felsic dikes collected 40-1415 m below seafloor in U1309D yield a weighted mean of 1.20 ± 0.03 Ma (mean square of weighted deviates = 7.1). However, the ages range from 1.08 ± 0.07 Ma and 1.28 ± 0.05 Ma indicating crustal construction occurred over a minimum of 100-200 ka. The zircon ages, along with petrologic observations, indicate at least 2 major periods of intrusive activity with age peaks separated by 70 ka. The oldest ages are observed below 600 mbsf, an observation inconsistent with models requiring constant depth melt intrusion beneath a detachment fault. The data are most consistent with a "multiple sill" model whereby sills intrude at random depths below the ridge axis over a length scale greater than 1.4 km. Zircon ages from broadly spaced samples collected along the southern ridge of Atlantis Massif yield a detachment fault slip rate of 28.7 ± 6.7 mm/a and imply significant asymmetric plate spreading (up to 100% on the North American plate) for at least 200 ka during core complex formation.
Year of Publication: 2008
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 03 Geochronology; Absolute age; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantis; Cenozoic; Crust; Dates; Detachment faults; Expeditions 304/305; Faults; Gabbros; IODP Site U1309; Igneous rocks; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Ion probe data; Magmatism; Mass spectra; Mid-Atlantic Ridge; Nesosilicates; North Atlantic; Oceanic crust; Orthosilicates; Plutonic rocks; Quaternary; SHRIMP data; Sea-floor spreading; Silicates; Spectra; U/Pb; Volcanism; Zircon; Zircon group
Coordinates: N301000 N301100 W0420600 W0420700
Record ID: 2009080207
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by, and/or abstract, Copyright, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States
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100 1 |a Grimes, Craig B.  |u University of Wyoming, Department of Geology and Geophysics, Laramie, WY 
245 1 0 |a Protracted construction of gabbroic crust at a slow spreading ridge; constraints from >206`Pb/>238`U zircon ages from Atlantis Massif and IODP Hole U1309D (30°N, MAR) 
300 |a Citation Q08012 
500 |a In English. 78 refs. 
500 |a Research program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program 
500 |a Affiliation: University of Wyoming, Department of Geology and Geophysics; Laramie, WY; USA; United States 
500 |a Affiliation: U. S. Geological Survey; ; USA; United States 
500 |a Source note: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems - G>3`, 9(8). Publisher: American Geophysical Union and The Geochemical Society, United States. ISSN: 1525-2027 
500 |a Publication type: journal article 
504 |b 78 refs. 
510 3 |a GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by, and/or abstract, Copyright, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States 
520 |a Sensitive high-resolution ion microprobe (SHRIMP) U-Pb zircon ages of 24 samples from oceanic crust recovered in Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Hole U1309D and from the surface of Atlantis Massif, Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) (30°N) document a protracted history of accretion in the footwall to an oceanic detachment fault. Ages for 18 samples of evolved Fe-Ti oxide gabbro and felsic dikes collected 40-1415 m below seafloor in U1309D yield a weighted mean of 1.20 ± 0.03 Ma (mean square of weighted deviates = 7.1). However, the ages range from 1.08 ± 0.07 Ma and 1.28 ± 0.05 Ma indicating crustal construction occurred over a minimum of 100-200 ka. The zircon ages, along with petrologic observations, indicate at least 2 major periods of intrusive activity with age peaks separated by 70 ka. The oldest ages are observed below 600 mbsf, an observation inconsistent with models requiring constant depth melt intrusion beneath a detachment fault. The data are most consistent with a "multiple sill" model whereby sills intrude at random depths below the ridge axis over a length scale greater than 1.4 km. Zircon ages from broadly spaced samples collected along the southern ridge of Atlantis Massif yield a detachment fault slip rate of 28.7 ± 6.7 mm/a and imply significant asymmetric plate spreading (up to 100% on the North American plate) for at least 200 ka during core complex formation. 
650 7 |a Absolute age  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Atlantis  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Cenozoic  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Crust  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Dates  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Detachment faults  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Faults  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Gabbros  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Igneous rocks  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Integrated Ocean Drilling Program  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Ion probe data  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Magmatism  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Mass spectra  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Nesosilicates  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Oceanic crust  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Orthosilicates  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Plutonic rocks  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Quaternary  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Sea-floor spreading  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a SHRIMP data  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Silicates  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Spectra  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a U/Pb  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Volcanism  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Zircon  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Zircon group  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a Atlantic Ocean  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a Expeditions 304/305  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a IODP Site U1309  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a Mid-Atlantic Ridge  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a North Atlantic  |2 georeft 
700 1 |a John, Barbara E., 
700 1 |a Cheadle, Michael J., 
700 1 |a Wooden, Joseph L., 
773 0 |t Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems - G>3`  |d American Geophysical Union and The Geochemical Society, 2008  |x 1525-2027  |n Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems - G>3`, 9(8). Publisher: American Geophysical Union and The Geochemical Society, United States. ISSN: 1525-2027 Publication type: journal article  |g Vol. 9, no. 8  |h illus., incl. 3 tables 
856 |u urn:doi: 10.1029/2008GC002063