Biogeography and evolution of body size in marine plankton

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doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2006.05.004
Author(s): Schmidt, Daniela N.; Lazarus, David; Young, Jeremy R.; Kucera, Michal
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Royal Holloway University of London, Department of Geology, Egham, United Kingdom
Other:
Humboldt Universität, Federal Republic of Germany
Natural History Museum, United Kingdom
Volume Title: Earth-Science Reviews
Source: Earth-Science Reviews, 78(3-4), p.239-266. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0012-8252 CODEN: ESREBW
Note: In English. Based on Publisher-supplied data
Summary: Body size is a central feature of any organism, reflecting its physiology, ecology and evolutionary history. Marine microplankton are major contributors to the particulate inorganic carbonate (foraminifers and coccolithophorids) and opal flux (radiolaria and diatoms) in the ocean and, hence, size changes in these organisms can influence global biogeochemical cycles. This paper is discussing abiotic influences on micro- and macroecological size changes among major marine plankton groups, linking these to evolutionary size changes during the Neogene. We review the patterns and outline the causes of size changes geographically and through time in coccolithophorids, foraminifers and radiolarians. The main feature of the Neogene size record is a dramatic size increase in foraminifers, a similarly dramatic reduction in the size range of coccolithophorids and highly variable size patterns in radiolarians. We argue that the observed pattern is too complex to be explained by a simple common forcing and propose that speculations on the response of oceanic biomineralisation to global warming have to consider the scales at which marine plankton evolve. Abstract Copyright (2006) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2006
Key Words: 08 Paleontology, General; 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Algae; Biochemistry; Biogeography; Biologic evolution; Biomineralization; Cenozoic; Climate change; Coccolithophoraceae; Foraminifera; Geochemical cycle; Glacial environment; Global change; Global warming; Interglacial environment; Invertebrata; Marine environment; Microfossils; Nannoplankton; Neogene; Paleo-oceanography; Paleoclimatology; Paleoenvironment; Paleogeography; Plankton; Planktonic taxa; Plantae; Protista; Radiolaria; Size; Tertiary
Record ID: 2010003354
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands

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