Fresh and warm Arctic Ocean surface waters during Eocene thermal maximum 2

Author(s): Sluijs, Appy; Schouten, Stefan; Roehl, Ursula; Reichart, Gert-Jan; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S.; Sangiorgi, Francesca; Krishnan, Srinath; Pagani, Mark; Brinkhuis, Henk
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Utrecht University, Institute of Environmental Biology, Utrecht, Netherlands
Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Netherlands
Bremen University, Federal Republic of Germany
Yale University, United States
Volume Title: Geological Society of America, 2008 annual meeting
Source: Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America, 40(6), p.194; Geological Society of America, 2008 annual meeting, Houston, TX, Oct. 5-9, 2008. Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States. ISSN: 0016-7592 CODEN: GAAPBC
Note: In English
Summary: Eocene Thermal Maximum 2, at ∼53.5 Ma (also known as Elmo), was a short-lived (∼50 kyr) episode of widespread deep-sea carbonate dissolution and warming. Documentation of ETM2 phase is limited, hampering evaluation of the global nature and pattern of global change. Here we present micropaleontological (dinoflagellate cyst), organic geochemical (TEX86, BIT, stable carbon isotopes of bulk organics) and inorganic geochemical (XRF) data from the ETM2 section recovered from the Lomonosov Ridge, Arctic Ocean, during IODP Expedition 302 (ACEX). The stable carbon isotope record on total organic carbon (TOC) shows a ∼3.5 ppm negative carbon isotope excursion at the onset of the Elmo, ∼1-1.5ppm smaller than that usually recorded in TOC for the PETM. Dinocyst assemblages show a freshening of Arctic Ocean surface waters. TEX86-derived sea surface temperatures and MBT-derived atmospheric temperatures show a ∼3°C rise starting from already warm conditions of ∼19°C, reaching temperatures similar to those recorded for the PETM in the Arctic. Moreover, laminated sediments and the absence of organic foraminiferal linings suggest that anoxia developed at the sediment-water interface. Biomarker analyses also indicate euxinic conditions in the photic zone. All trends, including those recorded using XRF core scanning techniques, mimic those recorded from the PETM but generally exhibit a slightly smaller magnitude. Our findings, together with the scant published data, corroborate the notion that ETM2 was indeed a true global warming phase, associated with the rapid injection of light carbon.
Year of Publication: 2008
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Anaerobic environment; Arctic Coring EXpedition; Arctic Ocean; C-13/C-12; Carbon; Cenozoic; Deep-sea environment; Dinoflagellata; Eocene; Expedition 302; Foraminifera; Global change; Global warming; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Invertebrata; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; Lomonosov Ridge; Marine environment; Microfossils; Organic compounds; Paleoatmosphere; Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum; Paleogene; Paleotemperature; Palynomorphs; Patterns; Protista; Spectra; Stable isotopes; Tertiary; X-ray fluorescence spectra
Coordinates: N875100 N875600 E1393300 E1361000
Record ID: 2010022826
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