Carbon dioxide sequestration in deep-sea basalt

Online Access: Get full text
doi: 10.1073/pnas.0804397105
Author(s): Goldberg, David S.; Takahashi, Taro; Slagle, Angela L.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY, United States
Volume Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(29), p.9920-9925. Publisher: National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, United States. ISSN: 0027-8424
Note: In English. 45 refs.; illus., incl. charts, sketch map
Summary: Developing a method for secure sequestration of anthropogenic carbon dioxide in geological formations is one of our most pressing global scientific problems. Injection into deep-sea basalt formations provides unique and significant advantages over other potential geological storage options, including (i) vast reservoir capacities sufficient to accommodate centuries-long U.S. production of fossil fuel CO2 at locations within pipeline distances to populated areas and CO2 sources along the U.S. west coast; (ii) sufficiently closed water-rock circulation pathways for the chemical reaction of CO2 with basalt to produce stable and nontoxic (Ca2+, Mg2+, Fe2+)CO3 infilling minerals, and (iii) significant risk reduction for post-injection leakage by geological, gravitational, and hydrate-trapping mechanisms. CO2 sequestration in established sediment-covered basalt aquifers on the Juan de Fuca plate offer promising locations to securely accommodate more than a century of future U.S. emissions, warranting energized scientific research, technological assessment, and economic evaluation to establish a viable pilot injection program in the future.
Year of Publication: 2008
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 22 Environmental Geology; Aquifers; Basalts; Carbon dioxide; Carbon sequestration; Carbonates; Chemical reactions; Climate change; Cores; Deep-sea environment; East Pacific; Endeavour Ridge; Expedition 301; Fluid injection; Fluid phase; Fractured materials; Ground water; IODP Site U1301; Igneous rocks; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Juan de Fuca Ridge; Lava; Marine environment; North Pacific; Northeast Pacific; Pacific Ocean; Pillow lava; Porosity; Volcanic rocks; Well-logging
Coordinates: N400000 N473000 W1250000 W1290000
N474500 N474600 W1274600 W1274600
Record ID: 2010092382
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute.
LEADER 03982naaaa2200649zu 4500
001 2010092382
003 ViAlAGI
005 20190626150201.0
008 160927e20080722dcua 0 0 eng d
034 0 |a a  |d W1290000  |e W1250000  |f N473000  |g N400000 
034 0 |a a  |d W1274600  |e W1274600  |f N474600  |g N474500 
040 |a ViAlAGI  |c ViAlAGI 
072 7 |a 22  |2 georeft 
100 1 |a Goldberg, David S.  |u Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY 
245 1 0 |a Carbon dioxide sequestration in deep-sea basalt 
300 |a p. 9920-9925 
500 |a In English. 45 refs. 
500 |a Research program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program 
500 |a Affiliation: Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory; Palisades, NY; USA; United States 
500 |a Source note: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(29), p.9920-9925. Publisher: National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, United States. ISSN: 0027-8424 
500 |a Publication type: journal article 
504 |b 45 refs. 
510 3 |a GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. 
520 |a Developing a method for secure sequestration of anthropogenic carbon dioxide in geological formations is one of our most pressing global scientific problems. Injection into deep-sea basalt formations provides unique and significant advantages over other potential geological storage options, including (i) vast reservoir capacities sufficient to accommodate centuries-long U.S. production of fossil fuel CO<2` at locations within pipeline distances to populated areas and CO<2` sources along the U.S. west coast; (ii) sufficiently closed water-rock circulation pathways for the chemical reaction of CO<2` with basalt to produce stable and nontoxic (Ca>2+`, Mg>2+`, Fe>2+`)CO<3` infilling minerals, and (iii) significant risk reduction for post-injection leakage by geological, gravitational, and hydrate-trapping mechanisms. CO<2` sequestration in established sediment-covered basalt aquifers on the Juan de Fuca plate offer promising locations to securely accommodate more than a century of future U.S. emissions, warranting energized scientific research, technological assessment, and economic evaluation to establish a viable pilot injection program in the future. 
650 7 |a Aquifers  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Basalts  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Carbon dioxide  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Carbon sequestration  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Carbonates  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Chemical reactions  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Climate change  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Cores  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Deep-sea environment  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Fluid injection  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Fluid phase  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Fractured materials  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Ground water  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Igneous rocks  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Integrated Ocean Drilling Program  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Lava  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Marine environment  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Pillow lava  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Porosity  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Volcanic rocks  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Well-logging  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a East Pacific  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a Endeavour Ridge  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a Expedition 301  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a IODP Site U1301  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a Juan de Fuca Ridge  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a North Pacific  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a Northeast Pacific  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a Pacific Ocean  |2 georeft 
700 1 |a Takahashi, Taro, 
700 1 |a Slagle, Angela L., 
773 0 |t Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  |d Washington, DC : National Academy of Sciences, Jul. , 22 2008  |x 0027-8424  |n Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(29), p.9920-9925. Publisher: National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, United States. ISSN: 0027-8424 Publication type: journal article  |g Vol. 105, no. 29  |h illus., incl. charts, sketch map 
856 |u urn:doi: 10.1073/pnas.0804397105