Paleoceanographic evolution of North Pacific surface water off Japan during the past 150,000 years

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doi: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2010.01.003
Author(s): Koizumi, Itaru; Yamamoto, Hirofumi
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Japan
Volume Title: Marine Micropaleontology
Source: Marine Micropaleontology, 74(3-4), p.108-118. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0377-8398 CODEN: MAMIDH
Note: In English. Includes appendix. 47 refs.; illus., incl. 1 table, sketch map
Summary: Hydrographic variability in the Mixed Water Region of the Northwest Pacific Ocean at latitudes 35°-40°N, between the Kuroshio Extension and Oyashio Front, causes complex upwelling, leading to large primary productivity and thus great fishery resources. We reconstructed the periodicity of the variability in North Pacific Intermediate Water upwelling and surface ocean hydrography based on the high-resolution analysis of diatom assemblages in seven cores, representing the last 150,000 years. We derived annual sea surface temperatures (SSTs) through a diatom-based proxy (Td'). The Td'-derived annual SSTs (°C) are controlled by orbital forcing, and show a reversed saw-tooth in southern cores, in contrast to a normal saw-tooth pattern in the northern cores. Oceanic diatom abundances along the northern margin of the Mixed Water Region are twice times as high as beneath the axis of the Kuroshio Extension, and fluctuated in a revised saw-tooth pattern with higher overall abundances interglacials. After the last deglaciation, annual SSTs declined markedly during Heinrich and Bond events in the northern North Atlantic, when ice-rafted detritus transported by icebergs was abundant. Wavelet analyses of the record of oceanic diatom abundances show significant variability at 2.0-kyr, 2 to 5.6-kyr and 3.2 to 9.6-kyr periods. Wavelet analyses of the annual SST records show significant periodicity at 1.4 to 2.6-kyr, 3.3 to 4.0-kyr, 7.2 to 12.8-kyr cycles. Abstract Copyright (2010) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2010
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 24 Surficial Geology, Quaternary Geology; Algae; Assemblages; Cenozoic; Climate forcing; Diatoms; El Nino Southern Oscillation; Holocene; Kuroshio; Leg 186; Marine environment; Microfossils; North Pacific; Northwest Pacific; ODP Site 1150; Ocean Drilling Program; Orbital forcing; Pacific Ocean; Paleo-oceanography; Paleoclimatology; Paleocurrents; Paleoenvironment; Paleotemperature; Plantae; Pleistocene; Quantitative analysis; Quaternary; Sea-surface temperature; Tsugaru Current; Upper Pleistocene; Wavelets; West Pacific
Coordinates: N360000 N404000 E1520000 E1410000
Record ID: 2011003718
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands