A phylogeny of Cenozoic macroperforate planktonic Foraminifera from fossil data

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doi: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.2011.00178.x
Author(s): Aze, Tracy; Ezard, Thomas H. G.; Purvis, Andy; Coxall, Helen K.; Stewart, Duncan R. M.; Wade, Bridget S.; Pearson, Paul N.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Cardiff University, School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff, United Kingdom
Imperial College London, United Kingdom
Fort Halstead, United Kingdom
Texas A&M University, United States
Volume Title: Biological Reviews (Cambridge)
Source: Biological Reviews (Cambridge), 86(4), p.900-927. Publisher: Wiley InterScience published on behalf of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISSN: 1464-7931 CODEN: BRCPAH
Note: In English. Supplemental information/data is available in the online version of this article. 202 refs.; illus., incl. 2 tables
Summary: We present a complete phylogeny of macroperforate planktonic foraminifer species of the Cenozoic Era (∼65 million years ago to present). The phylogeny is developed from a large body of palaeontological work that details the evolutionary relationships and stratigraphic (time) distributions of species-level taxa identified from morphology ('morphospecies'). Morphospecies are assigned to morphogroups and ecogroups depending on test morphology and inferred habitat, respectively. Because gradual evolution is well documented in this clade, we have identified many instances of morphospecies intergrading over time, allowing us to eliminate 'pseudospeciation' and 'pseudoextinction' from the record and thereby permit the construction of a more natural phylogeny based on inferred biological lineages. Each cladogenetic event is determined as either budding or bifurcating depending on the pattern of morphological change at the time of branching. This lineage phylogeny provides palaeontologically calibrated ages for each divergence that are entirely independent of molecular data. The tree provides a model system for macroevolutionary studies in the fossil record addressing questions of speciation, extinction, and rates and patterns of evolution.
Year of Publication: 2011
Research Program: DSDP Deep Sea Drilling Project
IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 10 Paleontology, Invertebrate; Biodiversity; Biologic evolution; Cenozoic; DNA; Extinction; Foraminifera; Invertebrata; Microfossils; Morphology; Nucleic acids; Phylogeny; Planktonic taxa; Protista; Reworking; Speciation; Taxonomy
Record ID: 2012039450
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2017 American Geosciences Institute.

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