Millennial-scale variability during the last glacial in vegetation records from Europe

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doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.11.015
Author(s): Fletcher, William J.; Sánchez Goñi, Maria Fernanda; Allen, Judy R. M.; Cheddadi, Rachid; Combourieu-Nebout, Nathalie; Huntley, Brian; Lawson, Ian; Londeix, Laurent; Magri, Donatella; Margari, Vasiliki; Müller, Ulrich C.; Naughton, Filipa; Novenko, Elena; Roucoux, Katy; Tzedakis, P. C.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Université Bordeaux, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Talence, France
University of Bristol, United Kingdom
Durham University, United Kingdom
Université Montpellier II, France
Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, France
University of Leeds, United Kingdom
Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Italy
Goethe-Universität, Germany
Instituto Nacional de Engenharia, Tecnologia e Inovacao, Portugal
Russian Academy of Science, Russian Federation
Volume Title: Vegetation response to millennial-scale variability during the last glacial
Volume Author(s): Goñi, Maria Fernanda Sanchez, editor; Harrison, Sandy P.
Source: Vegetation response to millennial-scale variability during the last glacial, edited by Maria Fernanda Sanchez Goñi and Sandy P. Harrison. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29(21-22), p.2839-2864. Publisher: Elsevier, International. ISSN: 0277-3791
Note: In English. 185 refs.; illus., incl. 5 tables
Summary: This paper evaluates the evidence for millennial-scale variability in pollen records of the last glacial (Marine Isotope Stages 4, 3, and 2; 73.5-14.7 calendar ka BP) from the European continent, taking into account information derived from long, continuous terrestrial records, the fragmentary northern European terrestrial record, and marine pollen records of the European continental margins. Pollen records from these numerous European sites provide evidence for multiple intervals of relatively warm and humid conditions during the last glacial, which promoted the establishment of grassland and shrub tundra in northwestern Europe, shrub- and forest-tundra in northeastern Europe, open boreal forest in central western Europe and the Alpine region, and open temperate forest in southern Europe. The northern limit for temperate forest development during these intervals was at ∼45°N, with a subsequent northward transition to tundra across a latitudinal band of ∼15° in western and central Europe, and a greater northward extension of boreal forest in eastern Europe, with boreal forest elements detected close to their present-day limits at ∼70°N. A much smaller number of sites with sufficiently high temporal resolution provide evidence that warming intervals correspond to millennial-scale variability as recorded in Greenland ice cores. A synthesis of sites providing high-resolution terrestrial and marine records from Europe is undertaken in order to examine geographical and temporal patterns in the expression of Dansgaard-Oeschger (D-O) cycles in the European vegetation. Detailed comparison of temperate forest development at these sites during four specific D-O cycles (D-O 16-17, 14, 12 and 8) reveals contrasts between vegetation response at southernmost European latitudes (below 40°N) and at latitudes above 40°N. At southernmost latitudes, marked forest development occurred during all four D-O cycles including D-O 16-17 and 8, while at latitudes above 40°N, forest development was stronger during D-O 14 and 12 than either D-O 16-17 or 8. Abstract Copyright (2010) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2010
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 03 Geochronology; 24 Surficial Geology, Quaternary Geology; Absolute age; Alboran Sea; Assemblages; C-14; Carbon; Cenozoic; Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles; Europe; Glaciation; Isotopes; Leg 161; Mediterranean Sea; Microfossils; Millennial variations; Miospores; ODP Site 976; Ocean Drilling Program; Paleoclimatology; Paleoenvironment; Palynomorphs; Pleistocene; Pollen; Quantitative analysis; Quaternary; Radioactive isotopes; Terrestrial environment; Upper Pleistocene; Vegetation; West Mediterranean
Coordinates: N361219 N361219 W0041845 W0041845
Record ID: 2012050558
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands