Early and middle Eocene radiolarian assemblages in the eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean (IODP Leg 320 Site U1331); faunal changes and implications for paleoceanography

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doi: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2012.09.004
Author(s): Kamikuri, Shin-ichi; Moore, Theodore C.; Lyle, Mitchell; Ogane, Kaoru; Suzuki, Noritoshi
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Kochi University, Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi, Japan
Other:
University of Michigan, United States
Texas A&M University, United States
National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan
Tohoku University, Japan
Volume Title: Marine Micropaleontology
Source: Marine Micropaleontology, Vol.98, p.1-13. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0377-8398 CODEN: MAMIDH
Note: In English. Supplemental information/data is available in the online version of this article; includes appendix. 117 refs.; illus., incl. strat. col., 1 table, sketch map
Summary: Quantitative faunal analyses of radiolarians were used to reconstruct paleoceanographic conditions spanning the interval from Zones RP8 (Early Eocene) to RP16 (Middle Eocene) in pelagic sequences recovered at Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Site U1331 in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. On the basis of relative abundance data from the low to high latitudes reported in the previous literature, paleoceanographic indices were identified: (1) species indicative of warmer conditions include Stylosphaera coronata coronata, Phormocyrtis embolum, Dendrospyris didiceros, Phormocyrtis cf. proxima, and Thyrsocyrtis triacantha; (2) species indicative of cooler conditions include: the Lophocyrtis aspera group, the Lithocyclia ocellus group, Hexacontium sp. A, Hexacontium sp. B, Thecosphaerella glebulenta, and Lithelius sp. A. Two warming and at least six cooling events in the Early to Middle Eocene were identified from radiolarian assemblage variations. The paleoclimatic trends can be summarized as follows: warming in C23n.2n to C21r (∼51.5-49.0 Ma), and C18n (40.2-39.0 Ma); cooling in C21r (48.5-47.8 Ma), lower C20r (46.2-45.2 Ma), top C20r to C20n (44.0-43.0 Ma), top C20n to C19r (43.0-41.7 Ma), C19n to C18r (41.7-40.2 Ma), and C18n.1n (39.0-38.5 Ma). These cooling events corresponded to the ELi and BLi events, which were identified in benthic foraminiferal δ18O of the Southern Ocean. In general, radiolarian and opal mass accumulation rates (MARs) in the eastern equatorial Pacific had higher values in cooling conditions during the Middle Eocene. The changes in biological productivity in the eastern equatorial Pacific were associated with cooling of tropical surface water. The change in relative abundance of radiolarians and CaCO3 content at Site U1331 indicated that Middle Eocene carbonate events (carbonate accumulation events [CAEs]; Lyle et al., 2005) coincided with the cooling events of tropical surface water. At least CAE-2 and CAE-3 were associated with high biological productivity as well as cooling. Abstract Copyright (2013) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2013
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Assemblages; Biostratigraphy; Biozones; Cenozoic; East Pacific; Eocene; Equatorial Pacific; Expedition 320; Expeditions 320/321; IODP Site U1331; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Invertebrata; Lithostratigraphy; Lower Eocene; Microfossils; Middle Eocene; Morphology; North Pacific; Northeast Pacific; Pacific Ocean; Paleo-oceanography; Paleoclimatology; Paleoecology; Paleoenvironment; Paleogene; Pelagic environment; Protista; Quantitative analysis; Radiolaria; Tertiary
Coordinates: N120405 N120405 W1420942 W1420942
Record ID: 2013033816
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands