Vegetation response to obliquity and precession forcing during the mid-Pleistocene transition in western Mediterranean region (ODP Site 976)

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doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.11.009
Author(s): Joannin, Sébastien; Bassinot, Franck; Combourieu Nebout, Nathalie; Peyron, Odile; Beaudouin, Célia
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Université de Franche-Comté, Maison des Sciences de l'Homme et de l'Environnement, Besancon, France
Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, France
Total, France
Volume Title: Quaternary Science Reviews
Source: Quaternary Science Reviews, 30(3-4), p.280-297. Publisher: Elsevier, International. ISSN: 0277-3791
Note: In English. Supplemental information/data is available in the online version of this article; includes appendix. 113 refs.; illus., incl. 2 tables, sketch map
Summary: The ODP leg 161 Site 976 (Alboran Sea) is a deep-sea section sampled at a water depth of 1108 m in the Western Mediterranean Sea. Pollen analysis provides a vegetation and climate record of the Mid Pleistocene Transition (MPT), roughly one million years ago. The age-model tied to biostratigraphic events was revised by aligning the pollen climate index (PCI) to Mediterranean (KC01b) and global (LR04) oxygen isotope records. The studied time slice spans the interval ∼1.09 Ma (MIS 31) to ∼0.90 Ma (MIS 23). Across this interval, past phytogeography of nowadays extinct taxa, which were rare, allows a successful application of the modern analogues technique (MAT) to quantitative climate reconstructions for the MPT. Five, long-term, obliquity-related vegetation successions (O1 to O5), and eight short-term, precession-related vegetation successions (P1 to P8) are observed within the studied interval. These vegetation successions, regardless of their duration, show the same pattern: the progressive replacement of temperate trees by mountainous taxa, and then by herbs and steppe maxima. Precession-related successions correspond, therefore, to as dramatic vegetation changes as those driven by obliquity, including a final steppe phase under deteriorated climate conditions. Wavelet analysis of the PCI record shows that the Western Mediterranean experienced a shift at 1.01 Ma from precession-dominated frequencies (1.05-1.01 Ma) to obliquity-dominated frequencies (1.01-0.9 Ma). There is, therefore, an apparent discrepancy between wavelet analysis results and vegetation dynamic analysis (which suggests that obliquity and precession are recorded throughout the entire studied interval). This discrepancy could result from the fact that the PCI record sums, somehow, similar vegetation changes (wet to dry) occurring at different periodicities. Such a complex vegetation dynamics is mathematically rendered through a single parameter (i.e. principal component), which does not successfully catch the subtle combinations of variability occurring at two close periodicities. Furthermore, the pollen-inferred Early Pleistocene vegetation dynamic (and climate) of the Western Mediterranean region does not show a decrease of the obliquity response relative to the precession response at the onset of the MPT. Abstract Copyright (2011) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2011
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 24 Surficial Geology, Quaternary Geology; Alboran Sea; Assemblages; Biogeography; Cenozoic; Chemostratigraphy; Climate forcing; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; Leg 161; Mediterranean Sea; Microfossils; Middle Pleistocene; Milankovitch theory; Miospores; O-18/O-16; ODP Site 976; Obliquity of the ecliptic; Ocean Drilling Program; Orbital forcing; Oxygen; Paleoclimatology; Paleotemperature; Palynomorphs; Pleistocene; Pollen; Precession; Principal components analysis; Quantitative analysis; Quaternary; Stable isotopes; Statistical analysis; Vegetation; Wavelets; West Mediterranean
Coordinates: N361219 N361219 W0041845 W0041845
Record ID: 2013034424
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands