Paleobathymetry and sequence stratigraphic interpretations from benthic Foraminifera; insights on New Jersey shelf architecture, IODP Expedition 313

Online Access: Get full text
doi: 10.1130/GES00872.1
Author(s): Katz, Miriam E.; Browning, James V.; Miller, Kenneth G.; Monteverde, Donald H.; Mountain, Gregory S.; Williams, Ross H.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Troy, NY, United States
Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, United States
Volume Title: Geosphere (Boulder, CO)
Source: Geosphere (Boulder, CO), 9(6), p.1488-1513. Publisher: Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States. ISSN: 1553-040X
Note: In English. 65 refs.; illus., incl. sect., sketch map
Summary: Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 313 drilled three holes (Sites M27, M28, and M29; 34-36 m present water depth) across a series of prograding clinothems from the inner continental shelf of the New Jersey (USA) margin, a region that is sensitive to sea-level change. We examined 702 late Eocene to Miocene samples for benthic foraminiferal assemblages and planktonic foraminiferal abundances. We integrate our results with lithofacies to reconstruct paleobathymetry. Biofacies at all three sites indicate a long-term shallowing-upward trend as clinothems built seaward and sediment filled accommodation space. Patterns in biofacies and lithofacies indicate shallowing- and deepening-upward successions within individual sequences, providing the basis to recognize systems tracts, and therefore sequence stratigraphic relationships in early to early-middle Miocene sequences (ca. 23-13 Ma). The clinothem bottomsets and the lower portions of the foresets, which contain the thickest parts of clinothems, yield the deepest water biofacies. Shallower bio facies characterize the sequences in the upper portions of the clinothem foresets and on the topsets. Topsets are characterized by transgressive (TST) and highstand systems tracts (HST). Foresets contain lowstand systems tracts (LST), TSTs, and HSTs. Flooding surfaces mark parasequence boundaries within LSTs, TSTs, and HSTs. Superimposed on the long-term trends, short-term variations in paleowater depth are likely linked to global sea-level changes indicated by global oxygen isotopic variations.
Year of Publication: 2013
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Assemblages; Atlantic Ocean; Biofacies; Biostratigraphy; Biozones; Boreholes; Cenozoic; Continental shelf; Cores; Depositional environment; Eocene; Expedition 313; Foraminifera; Geophysical methods; Geophysical profiles; Geophysical surveys; IODP Site M0027; IODP Site M0028; IODP Site M0029; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Invertebrata; Lithofacies; Lithostratigraphy; Marine environment; Microfossils; Miocene; Neogene; New Jersey; North Atlantic; Northwest Atlantic; Oligocene; Paleobathymetry; Paleogene; Protista; Sea-level changes; Seismic methods; Seismic profiles; Sequence stratigraphy; Surveys; Tertiary; United States; Vertical seismic profiles
Coordinates: N393803 N393803 W0733718 W0733718
N393357 N393357 W0732950 W0732950
N393110 N393110 W0732448 W0732448
Record ID: 2013084973
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States, Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America