Lithium isotopic composition of marine sediments

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doi: 10.1029/2005GC001202
Author(s): Chan, Lui-Heung; Leeman, William P.; Plank, Terry
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Louisiana State University, Department of Geology and Geophysics, Baton Rouge, LA, United States
National Science Foundation, United States
Boston University, United States
Volume Title: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems - G<sup>3</sup>
Source: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems - G>3`, 7(6). Publisher: American Geophysical Union and The Geochemical Society, United States. ISSN: 1525-2027
Note: In English. Includes appendices. 85 refs.; illus., incl. 2 tables
Summary: To understand the role of subducted sediment in arc magmatism and the formation of the continental crust, we have determined the Li isotopic composition of marine sediments subducting at several trenches, as well as from nonconvergent margin settings. The bulk isotopic composition (δ7Li) of global sediments varies widely (from -4.3 to 14.5 ppm), reflecting sediment type, provenance, and diagenetic processes. Among detrital sediments (-1.5 to 5 ppm), clay-rich variants are generally isotopically lighter than sands owing to isotopic fractionation during continental weathering. Sediments derived from mature continental crust are especially light. Volcanogenic sediments can have either heavier or lighter isotopic compositions than the mantle depending on alteration effects. Biogenic carbonate and silica are susceptible to recrystallization, which results in heavier isotopic compositions (6 to 14.5 ppm). The lightest composition was observed in hydrothermally leached sediments (-4.3 ppm). Slowly accumulated metalliferous sediments display anomalously high δ7Li (6 to 10 ppm) values due to incorporation of seawater-derived Li. On the basis of this and previous studies, integrated δ7Li values for subducted sediment vary from arc to arc, ranging from -0.4 to 9 ppm. Calculated fluxes of subducted sediment-derived Li also vary, from 1.4 to 18.2 g/yr per cm arc length. Although Li isotopic compositions of marine sediments largely overlap with those of the upper mantle and altered oceanic crust, controls on Li isotope composition of arc lavas are complex and must be understood in terms of the primary compositions and relative contributions of subducted sediments and oceanic crust, fractionation during metamorphic dehydration, and equilibration of slab-derived fluids with the subarc mantle. Finally, although clay-rich sediments can contribute to the light isotopic composition of continental crustal rocks, our results suggest diverse compositions of sedimentary rocks. Incorporation of sedimentary components in the formation of granitic rocks may give rise to greater heterogeneity in the composition of the upper continental crust than is currently estimated.
Year of Publication: 2006
Research Program: DSDP Deep Sea Drilling Project
IPOD International Phase of Ocean Drilling
ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 02 Geochemistry; 07 Marine Geology and Oceanography; Alkali metals; Atlantic Ocean; Biogenic processes; Carbonates; Continental crust; Crust; DSDP Site 183; DSDP Site 262; DSDP Site 477; DSDP Site 595; DSDP Site 596; Deep Sea Drilling Project; Diagenesis; East Pacific; Escanaba Trough; Gulf of California; IPOD; Indian Ocean; Irminger Basin; Island arcs; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; Leg 114; Leg 152; Leg 169; Leg 170; Leg 19; Leg 27; Leg 64; Leg 91; Li-7/Li-6; Lithium; Magmatism; Mantle; Marine sediments; Metals; Mid-Atlantic Ridge; North Atlantic; North Pacific; Northeast Pacific; Northwest Pacific; ODP Site 1027; ODP Site 1038; ODP Site 1039; ODP Site 701; ODP Site 801; ODP Site 918; Ocean Drilling Program; Pacific Ocean; Pigafetta Basin; Sea water; Sediment transport; Sediments; Silica; South Atlantic; South Pacific; Southeast Pacific; Stable isotopes; Subduction zones; Timor Sea; Timor Trough; Transport; Upper crust; Upper mantle; West Pacific
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Record ID: 2014024256
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