Similarities and dissimilarities between the last two deglaciations and interglaciations in the North Atlantic region

Online Access: Get full text
doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.06.016
Author(s): Martrat, Belen; Jimenez-Amat, Patricia; Zahn, Rainer; Grimalt, Joan O.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
CSIC, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Department of Environmental Chemistry, Barcelona, Spain
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain
Volume Title: Quaternary Science Reviews
Source: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol.99, p.122-134. Publisher: Elsevier, International. ISSN: 0277-3791
Note: In English. 148 refs.; illus., incl. sketch map
Summary: Sea surface temperatures (SSTs) recorded by alkenones and oxygen isotopes in the Alboran basin are used here to describe, at an unprecedented fine temporal resolution, the present interglaciation (PIG, initiated at 11.7 ka BP), the last interglaciation (LIG, onset approximately at 129 ka) and respective deglaciations. Similarities and dissimilarities in the progression of these periods are reviewed in comparison with ice cores and stalagmites. Cold spells coeval with the Heinrich events (H) described in the North Atlantic include multi-decadal scale oscillations not previously obvious (up to 4°C in less than eight centuries within the stadials associated with H1 and H11, ca 133 ka and 17 ka respectively). These abrupt oscillations precede the accumulation of organic rich layers deposited when perihelion moves from alignment with NH spring equinox to the summer solstice, a reference for deglaciations. Events observed during the last deglaciation at 17 ka, 14.8 ka and 11.7 ka are reminiscent of events occurred during the penultimate deglaciation at ca 136 ka, 132 ka and 129 ka, respectively. The SST trend during the PIG is no more than 2°C (from 20°C to 18°C; up to -0.2°C/ka). The trend is steeper during the LIG, i.e. up to a 5°C change from the early interglaciation to immediately before the glacial inception (from 23°C to 18°C; up to -0.4°C/ka). Events are superimposed upon a long term trend towards colder SSTs, beginning with SST maxima followed by temperate periods until perihelion aligned with the NH autumn equinox (before ca 5.3 ka for the PIG and 121 ka for the LIG). A cold spell of around eight centuries at 2.8 ka during the PIG was possibly mimicked during the LIG at ca 118 ka by a SST fall of around 1°C in a millennium. These events led interglacial SST to stabilise at around 18°C. The glacial inception, barely evident at the beginning ca 115 ka (North Atlantic event C25, after perihelion passage in the NH winter solstice), culminated with a SST drop of at least 2°C in two millennia (event C24, ca 111 ka). The Little Ice Age (0.7 ka) also occurred after the latest perihelion passage in the NH winter solstice and could be an example of how a glacial pre-inception event following an interglaciation might be. Abstract Copyright (2014) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2014
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 03 Geochronology; 24 Surficial Geology, Quaternary Geology; Absolute age; Alboran Sea; Alkenones; Biostratigraphy; C-14; Carbon; Cenozoic; Chemostratigraphy; Chronostratigraphy; Climate change; Cores; Deglaciation; Foraminifera; Glacial environment; Interglacial environment; Invertebrata; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; Ketones; Leg 161; Lithostratigraphy; Marine sediments; Mediterranean Sea; Microfossils; O-18/O-16; ODP Site 976; Ocean Drilling Program; Organic compounds; Oxygen; Paleo-oceanography; Paleoclimatology; Paleotemperature; Protista; Quaternary; Radioactive isotopes; Sea-surface temperature; Sediments; Stable isotopes; Upper Quaternary; West Mediterranean
Coordinates: N361219 N361219 W0041845 W0041845
Record ID: 2015009327
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands