Origination and dispersal of Paragloborotalia kugleri out of the Indian Ocean at the Oligocene/Miocene boundary

Author(s): Fraass, Andrew; Leckie, R. Mark; Lowery, Christopher M.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Department of Geosciences, Amherst, MA, United States
Volume Title: Geological Society of America, 2014 annual meeting & exposition
Source: Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America, 46(6), p.329; Geological Society of America, 2014 annual meeting & exposition, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Oct. 19-22, 2014. Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States. ISSN: 0016-7592 CODEN: GAAPBC
Note: In English
Summary: The first appearance datum (FAD) of Paragloborotalia kugleri, a short-lived but distinct morphospecies of planktic foraminifera, is the biostratigraphic marker used to recognize the Oligocene/Miocene boundary, which has been calibrated to 22.96 Ma (Wade et al. 2011). The Mi-1 event was a globally correlative positive δ18O excursion (∼1 ppm) that also occurred close to the O/M boundary. Four deep-sea sites are presented here with new stable isotope records of the Mi-1 event, augmented at each site by finer-scale planktic foraminiferal biostratigraphy, recalibrated paleomagnetic data (Sites 763, 1237), recalibrated chemostratigraphy (803), and astrochronology (magnetic susceptibility at Site 803 and color reflectance at Site 1237). All datum ages used here are based on astrochonologically-tuned calibrations (forams: Wade et al. 2011; calcareous nannofossils: Backman et al. 2012; radiolarians & additional nannofossils: Expedition 320/321 Scientists, 2010; magnetostratigraphy: Lourens et al. 2004; Palike et al. 2006), produced for the PEAT Expeditions (IODP Exp. 320 and 321). In addition, a survey of older DSDP/ODP/IODP shipboard and post-cruise age-models are included in this compilation. The age-models for each site are again updated to the most recent astrochronologically-tuned calibrations. With this compilation it is possible to delineate the origination and spread of P. kugleri from the Indian Ocean into the Pacific Ocean and then the Atlantic Ocean. This suggests the leading edge of the Paragloborotalia pseudokugleri-P. kugleri morphocline is within the Indian Ocean. Here we also provide a recalibration of the P. kugleri datum, although it is important to point out that the FAD is very reliable in the low to mid-latitudes, relative to the error typically associated with biostratigraphy.
Year of Publication: 2014
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 02 Geochemistry; 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Biostratigraphy; Cenozoic; East Pacific; Equatorial Pacific; Exmouth Plateau; Foraminifera; Indian Ocean; Invertebrata; Leg 122; Leg 130; Leg 202; Lower Miocene; Microfossils; Miocene; Nazca Ridge; Neogene; North Pacific; Northwest Pacific; ODP Site 1237; ODP Site 763; ODP Site 803; Ocean Drilling Program; Oligocene; Ontong Java Plateau; Pacific Ocean; Paleogene; Paragloborotalia kugleri; Protista; South Pacific; Southeast Pacific; Stratigraphic boundary; Tertiary; Upper Oligocene; West Pacific
Coordinates: S203512 S203511 E1121232 E1121231
S160000 S160000 W0762300 W0762300
N022559 N022601 E1603229 E1603227
Record ID: 2015029245
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States