Permeabilities of subduction zone sediments

Author(s): Screaton, E.; Gamage, K. R.; Daigle, H.; Harris, R. N.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
University of Florida, Department of Geological Sciences, Gainesville, FL, United States
Austin Community College, United States
University of Texas at Austin, United States
Oregon State University, United States
Volume Title: AGU 2013 fall meeting
Source: American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, Vol.2013; American Geophysical Union 2013 fall meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 9-13, 2013. Publisher: American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States
Note: In English
Summary: Permeabilities of subseafloor sediments control fluid expulsion from sediments as they are subducted or accreted and thus, compaction state, fluid overpressures, and deformation. We compare results from Integrated Ocean Drilling Program samples to compare to previously-developed permeability-porosity relationships for subduction zone sediments. Hemipelagic clay samples obtained from the incoming plate Kumano transect of the Nankai Trough (NanTroSEIZE) yield slightly lower permeability for a given porosity than previously reported results from Nankai Trough's Muroto transect and are lower than clay-rich sediments from the upper plate of CRISP offshore the Osa Peninsula of Costa Rica (CRISP). Samples from the Pacific Equatorial Transect (PEAT) and the South Pacific Gyre provide further insight to permeability behavior of sediments deposited in the Pacific basin. South Pacific Gyre sediments consist of slowly deposited pelagic clay with little biogenic or coarse clastic input. Measured permeabilities for given porosities are consistently lower than values reported for clay-rich sediments of Nankai and Costa Rica. PEAT samples comprise biogenic oozes and yield inconsistent results, with some of the highest permeabilities (10-14 m2) as well as some results similar to clay-rich sediments.
Year of Publication: 2013
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 07 Marine Geology and Oceanography; Cores; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Marine sediments; NanTroSEIZE; Nankai Trough; North Pacific; Northwest Pacific; Pacific Ocean; Permeability; Sediments; Subduction zones; West Pacific
Record ID: 2015031176
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by, and/or abstract, Copyright, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States

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