IODP expedition 338; riser and riserless drilling along the NanTroSEIZE transect

Author(s): Strasser, M.; Moore, G. F.; Dugan, B.; Kanagawa, Kyu; Toczko, Sean
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Other:
University of Hawaii, United States
Rice University, United States
Chiba University, Japan
Japan Agency for Marine Earth Science and Technology, Japan
Volume Title: AGU 2013 fall meeting
Source: American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, Vol.2013; American Geophysical Union 2013 fall meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 9-13, 2013. Publisher: American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States
Note: In English
Summary: Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 338 provided new constraints on the Kumano Basin sediments, the accretionary prism inner wedge, the seaward extension of the megasplay fault, the architecture and mechanics of landslides, and the alteration of oceanic basement of the incoming Philippine Sea plate. This was accomplished through riser and riserless drilling, logging while drilling (LWD), and cuttings and core analysis. Cuttings and LWD analyses at Hole C0002F reveal two lithologic units in the prism inner wedge which are separated by a prominent fault zone at ≈1640 mbsf. Mud-gases from the inner prism show high concentrations at the top of the wedge that decrease, but become more thermogenic, with depth. These data are from the previously unaccessed deeper part of the Nankai accretionary prism. Riserless coring at Site C0002 provided data across the gas hydrate zone of the Kumano Basin, across the Kumano Basin-accretionary prism unconformity, and in the uppermost accretionary prism. Within the Kumano basin section, gas and porewater geochemistry documents microbial methane gas in hydrates that are disseminated in sandy layers. Multiple penetrations of the Kumano Basin-accretionary prism boundary and 3D seismic data show that the boundary is erosive and complex. LWD (Site C0018) and coring and LWD (Site C0021) augment existing data to better understand submarine landslide dynamics and mass-transport deposit (MTD) emplacement processes. Previous coring at Site C0018 identified six MTDs, but only two MTD intervals were detected in resistivity images that show high angle, randomly oriented bedding. Site C0021, located more proximal to the MTD source, provides constraint on MTD variability. Correlation across the sites reveals a thick MTD with an erosional base characterized by a shear zone in muddy sediments vs. a translational basal surface within coarse volcaniclastic sand in the proximal and distal/lateral areas, respectively. LWD data and cores from Site C0022 characterize the uppermost 400 m of sediment near the tip of the megasplay fault zone where it approaches the seafloor. This fault zone is inferred to be located at the interval of 80-145 mbsf, based on biostratigraphic reversals, bedding dips >20°, porosity anomalies and a change in trend of interstitial water chemistry data. LWD at Site C0012 primarily yielded insights into the nature of the incoming oceanic crust. Two crustal units were identified based on LWD data. The upper unit had gamma ray variations that may indicate changes in the crustal alteration or sediment-basalt interlayering. The deeper unit has little variation in log properties, suggesting the presence of uniform or fresh basalt. Together these data provide new constraints on the overall architecture and mechanics of the Nankai subduction zone.
Year of Publication: 2013
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 07 Marine Geology and Oceanography; Cores; Drilling; Expedition 338; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Marine sediments; NanTroSEIZE; North Pacific; Northwest Pacific; Pacific Ocean; Sediments; West Pacific
Coordinates: N324445 N331805 E1365522 E1363812
Record ID: 2015037320
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