Co-seismic and post-seismic pore-fluid pressure changes in the Philippine Sea Plate and Nankai decollement in response to a seismogenic strain event off Kii Peninsula, Japan

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doi: 10.1186/BF03353174
Author(s): Davis, Earl; Becker, Keir; Wang, Kelin; Kinoshita, Masa
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Geological Survey of Canada, Pacific Geoscience Centre, Sidney, BC, Canada
Other:
University of Miami, United States
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Japan
Volume Title: Earth, Planets and Space
Source: Earth, Planets and Space, 61(6), p.649-657. Publisher: Terra Scientific Publishing Company (TERRAPUB), Tokyo, Japan. ISSN: 1343-8832
Note: In English. Accessed on Aug. 1, 2014. 32 refs.; illus., incl. sect., geol. sketch maps
Summary: New pressure data from a pair of Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) hydrologic borehole observatories at ODP Sites 1173 and 808, located off Japan in the subducting Philippine Sea plate and in the nearby Nankai accretionary prism, respectively, show clear signals associated with an earthquake swarm off the Kii Peninsula that began on September 5, 2004, roughly 220 km away from the observatory sites. At Site 1173, formation pressures rose by 1.0-1.5 kPa at the time of the largest earthquake (Mw = 7.5), then continued to rise to a total anomaly of 4 kPa during the following 200-300 days. These transients are inferred to reflect co-seismic and slow continuing volumetric contraction of the plate by amounts of roughly 0.2 × 10-6 and 0.5 × 10-6, respectively. The sign of the estimated strain is consistent with that predicted with a seismic-moment-constrained elastic half-space dislocation model, but the amplitude is much larger, by roughly a factor of 6 at the time of the main earthquake, and by nearly a factor of 20 when the total pressure-estimated strain at the end of the post-seismic period is compared to that estimated from the total cumulative seismic moment including aftershocks. The simplest inference that can be drawn is that a large component of aseismic slip occurred in the epicentral area. At Site 808, pressure at the deepest monitoring zone just above the subduction decollement fell at the time of the largest earthquakes. This may reflect shear-induced dilatation which would be consistent with strain- or velocity-hardening behaviour along this seaward-most part of the subduction thrust interface.
Year of Publication: 2009
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 19 Geophysics, Seismology; Accretionary wedges; Aftershocks; Boreholes; CORK borehole observatories; Circulation Obviation Retrofit Kit borehole observatories; Coseismic processes; Decollement; Earthquakes; Leg 190; Leg 196; Nankai Trough; North Pacific; Northwest Pacific; ODP Site 1173; ODP Site 808; Ocean Drilling Program; Pacific Ocean; Philippine Sea Plate; Plate tectonics; Pore pressure; Pore water; Postseismic processes; Seismic moment; Strain; Subduction; Swarms; West Pacific
Coordinates: N322105 N322111 E1345646 E1345634
N321500 N321500 E1350200 E1350200
Record ID: 2015053563
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