Synchronous mid-Miocene upper and deep oceanic δ13C changes in the East Equatorial Pacific linked to ocean cooling and ice sheet expansion

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doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.09.013
Author(s): Tian Jun; Ma Wentao; Lyle, Mitchell W.; Shackford, Julia K.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Tongji University, State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Shanghai, China
Texas A&M University, United States
Volume Title: Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Source: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol.406, p.72-80. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0012-821X CODEN: EPSLA2
Note: In English. Includes appendices. 58 refs.; illus., incl. 2 tables, sketch map
Summary: We present mid-Miocene (∼12.0-16.0 Ma) high-resolution (∼3.8 kyr) deep thermocline planktonic foraminiferal δ18O and δ13C records at IODP Site U1337 from the eastern equatorial Pacific. The benthic and planktonic δ18O records of Site U1337 have a similar long-term cooling trend, but display obvious amplitude differences of glacial/interglacial cycles after 13.9 Ma. Planktonic δ18O cycles are usually larger than 1.0 ppm, nearly 2 times those of the benthic δ18O. The post-13.9 Ma change is probably caused by intensified upwelling along with ocean cooling, but may include upper ocean circulation changes. Both the benthic and planktonic δ13C records at Site U1337 reveal marked 400-kyr carbon isotope cycles during the MMCO (Middle Miocene Climate Optimum) with a trend toward lower δ13C from 16.0 Ma to 12.0 Ma. The similarity in response between surface and deep carbon isotopes indicates that the mid-Miocene carbon excursions in the east equatorial Pacific involved the whole ocean basin water column and thus are a global signal. Box model simulations reveal that the long eccentricity (400 kyr) paced carbon inputs from weathering changed the burial ratio of carbonates to organic carbon and helped to produce the significant 400-kyr cycles in oceanic δ13C. The increased weathering of carbonate, silicate and kerogen rocks are the major factors controlling the long-term decrease in oceanic δ13C after 16.0 Ma. Abstract Copyright (2014) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2014
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 02 Geochemistry; 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Benthic taxa; Burial; C-13/C-12; Carbon; Carbonates; Cenozoic; Climate forcing; Cyclic processes; East Pacific; Eccentricity; Expedition 321; Expeditions 320/321; Foraminifera; IODP Site U1337; Ice sheets; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Invertebrata; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; Microfossils; Middle Miocene; Miocene; Neogene; North Pacific; Northeast Pacific; O-18/O-16; Orbital forcing; Organic carbon; Oxygen; Pacific Ocean; Paleo-oceanography; Planktonic taxa; Protista; Stable isotopes; Tertiary; Thermocline; Upwelling; Weathering
Coordinates: N035000 N035000 W1231222 W1231222
Record ID: 2015068979
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands