Achromobacter sediminum sp. nov., isolated from deep subseafloor sediment of South Pacific Gyre

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doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.062265-0
Author(s): Zhang Zenghu; Fan Xiaoyang; Gao Xin; Zhang Xiao-Hua
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Ocean University of China, College of Marine Life Sciences, Qingdao, China
Volume Title: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 64(7), p.2244-2249. Publisher: Society for General Microbiology, Reading, United Kingdom. ISSN: 1466-5026
Note: In English. 28 refs.; illus., incl. 2 tables
Summary: A Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, motile bacterium with a subpolar or lateral flagellum, designated strain XH089T , was isolated from deep-sea sediment sample collected from the South Pacific Gyre (416519 S 1536069 W) during the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 329. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain XH089T belonged to the genus Achromobacter and showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with Achromobacter ruhlandii ATCC 15749T (96.95 %), Achromobacter denitrificans DSM 30026T (96.70 %) and Achromobacter marplatensis B2T (96.66 %). The DNA G+C content of strain XH089T was 66.5 mol%. The major fatty acids were C16:0 and C17:0 cyclo. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, three unknown phospholipids and four unknown polar lipids. On the basis of data from the polyphasic analysis, strain XH089T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Achromobacter, for which the name Achromobacter sediminum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is XH089T (5DSM 27279T 5JCM 19223T ).
Year of Publication: 2014
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 07 Marine Geology and Oceanography; Achromobacter sediminum; Bacteria; DNA; East Pacific; Expedition 329; Genetics; IODP Site U1370; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Living taxa; Microorganisms; New taxa; Nucleic acids; Pacific Ocean; RNA; South Pacific; South Pacific Gyre; Southeast Pacific; Taxonomy
Coordinates: S415107 S415107 W1530623 W1530623
Record ID: 2016083762
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