MIS 13-12 in Britain and the North Atlantic; understanding the palaeoclimatic context of the earliest Acheulean

Online Access: Get full text
doi: 10.1002/jqs.2816
Author(s): Candy, Ian; Schreve, Danielle; White, Tom S.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Royal Holloway University of London, Department of Geography, Egham, United Kingdom
University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Volume Title: Chronology, palaeoenvironments and subsistence in the Acheulean of western Europe
Volume Author(s): Schreve, Danielle, editor; Moncel, Marie-Hélène; Bridgland, David R.
Source: JQS. Journal of Quaternary Science, 30(7), p.593-609; European Acheulians; northern v. southern Europe; hominins, technical behaviour, chronological and environmental contexts, Paris, France, Nov. 19-21, 2014, edited by Danielle Schreve, Marie-Hélène Moncel and David R. Bridgland. Publisher: John Wiley and Sons for the Quaternary Research Association, Chichester, United Kingdom. ISSN: 0267-8179
Note: In English. 116 refs.; illus., incl. 1 table, sketch maps
Summary: Research over the last two decades has revealed a rich record of lower Paleolithic occupation in Britain before 450,000 years. Acheulean industries (Mode II) first appear in the later part of the early middle Pleistocene [Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 19-13]. This paper reviews: (i) the age of the earliest Acheulean in Britain; (ii) the climates under which the earliest Acheulean industries occur, as recorded by the paleoecological assemblages that are found at key archaeological sites; and (iii) the spatial and temporal pattern of regional climate change, i.e. the magnitude of glacial/interglacial cycles that occurred as a backdrop to the first arrival of Mode II archaeology in Britain. This review suggests that in Britain, the earliest Acheulean populations arrived during MIS 13 and that early occupation occurred under a range of climatic/environmental settings but frequently under post-temperate late interglacial or interstadial-type cool boreal environments. Furthermore, this review shows that the pattern of climate forcing in Western Europe during MIS 13-12 was not analogous to the interglacial cycles of the past 450,000 years as latitudinal climate gradients appear to have been less pronounced. The paper concludes by discussing the significance of these observations for understanding the arrival of the earliest Acheulean in Britain. Abstract Copyright (2015), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Year of Publication: 2015
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 24 Surficial Geology, Quaternary Geology; Acheulian; Atapuerca Spain; Atlantic Ocean; Burgos Spain; Castilla y Leon Spain; Cenozoic; England; Europe; Expedition 306; Expeditions 303/306; Great Britain; IODP Site U1313; Iberian Peninsula; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; MIS 12; MIS 13; Mid-Atlantic Ridge; Middle Pleistocene; North Atlantic; Paleoclimatology; Paleolithic; Pleistocene; Quaternary; Southern Europe; Spain; Stone Age; United Kingdom; Western Europe
Coordinates: N410000 N410000 W0325700 W0325700
N504500 N530000 E0020000 W0030000
N422200 N422200 W0033000 W0033000
Record ID: 2016084586
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, United Kingdom