Radiolarian stratigraphy near the Eocene-Oligocene boundary

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doi: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2015.02.002
Author(s): Moore, T. C., Jr.; Kamikuri, Shin-ichi; Erhardt, Andrea M.; Baldauf, Jack; Coxall, Helen K.; Westerhold, Thomas
Volume Title: Marine Micropaleontology
Source: Marine Micropaleontology, Vol.116, p.50-62. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0377-8398 CODEN: MAMIDH
Note: In English. 51 refs.; illus., incl. 1 plate, sketch map
Summary: Three sites from the equatorial Pacific (ODP 1218, IODP U1333, and U1334) are judged to have a complete stratigraphic sequence across the Eocene-Oligocene boundary. The sections of all three sites from ∼40 Ma to ∼30 Ma have been sampled and the samples merged into a single composite section with an average sample spacing <20 kyr. A total of 76 radiolarian species, species groups, and specific variant forms provide a detailed radiolarian stratigraphy across this climatically important boundary. Altogether 47 Eocene radiolarian species had their last appearance between ∼40 Ma and the end of the final step of the Eocene-Oligocene climate transition, many of them in discreet episodes of extinction that grew in magnitude as the transition was approached. First appearance datums appear to cluster at the base of the cool-down from the middle Eocene climate optimum and near the base of the Oligocene, following a maximum in radiolarian last appearances and coincident with relatively abundant diatoms. There appears to be little relationship between paleoproductivity as measured by barite accumulation rates and both first and last appearances of radiolarians. Diatoms are not common in the Eocene and their blossoming in the Oligocene is preceded by the major episodes of radiolarian extinctions. In the Oligocene radiolarian extinctions appear to be associated with low to moderate diatom abundance, whereas species first appearances seem to be associated with moderate to high diatom abundance. Neither paleoproductivity nor a competition for the dissolved silica (a resource necessary for diatom frustule and radiolarian test construction) appears to control the episodic extinction of radiolarians in the Eocene or the more dispersed loss of species in the Oligocene. Abstract Copyright (2015) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2015
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Algae; Assemblages; Biostratigraphy; Biozones; Cenozoic; Climate change; Diatoms; East Pacific; Eocene; Equatorial Pacific; Expedition 320; Expeditions 320/321; Extinction; Faunal list; IODP Site U1333; IODP Site U1334; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Invertebrata; Leg 199; Lower Oligocene; Microfossils; Morphology; North Pacific; Northeast Pacific; ODP Site 1218; Ocean Drilling Program; Oligocene; Pacific Ocean; Paleoclimatology; Paleoecology; Paleogene; Plantae; Productivity; Protista; Radiolaria; Tertiary; Upper Eocene
Coordinates: N103100 N103100 W1382510 W1382510
N080000 N080000 W1315824 W1315824
N085300 N085300 W1352200 W1352200
Record ID: 2017014822
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2017 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands