Continuous depth profile of mechanical properties in the Nankai accretionary prism based on drilling performance parameters

Author(s): Hamada, Yohei; Kitamura, Manami; Yamada, Yasuhiro; Sanada, Yoshinori; Moe, Kyaw; Hirose, Takehiro
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, Kochi, Japan
Other:
Hiroshima University, Japan
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Japan
Volume Title: AGU 2016 fall meeting
Source: American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, Vol.2016; American Geophysical Union 2016 fall meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 12-16, 2016. Publisher: American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States
Note: In English
Summary: In-situ rock properties in/around seismogenic zone in an accretionary prism are key parameters to understand the development mechanisms of an accretionary prism, spatio-temporal variation of stress state, and so on. For the purpose of acquiring continuous-depth-profile of in-situ formation strength in an accretionary prism, here we propose the new method to evaluate the in-situ rock strength using drilling performance property. Drilling parameters are inevitably obtained by any drilling operation even in the non-coring intervals or at challenging environment where core recovery may be poor. The relationship between the rock properties and drilling parameters has been proposed by previous researches [e.g. Teale 1964]. We introduced the relationship theory of Teale [1964], and developed a converting method to estimate in-situ rock strength without depending on uncertain parameters such as weight on bit (WOB). Specifically, we first calculated equivalent specific toughness (EST) which represents gradient of the relationship between Torque energy and volume of penetration at arbitrary interval (in this study, five meters). Then the EST values were converted into strength using the drilling parameters-rock strengths correlation obtained by Karasawa et al. [2002]. This method was applied to eight drilling holes in the Site C0002 of IODP NanTroSEIZE in order to evaluate in-situ rock strength in shallow to deep accretionary prism. In the shallower part (0-300 mbsf), the calculated strength shows sharp increase up to 20 MPa. Then the strength has approximate constant value to 1500 mbsf without significant change even at unconformity around 1000 mbsf (boundary between forearc basin and accretionary prism). Below that depth, value of the strength gradually increases with depth up to 60 MPa at 3000 mbsf with variation between 10 and 80 MPa. Because the calculated strength is across approximately the same lithology, the increase trend can responds to the rock strength. This strength-depth curve correspond reasonably well with the strength data of core and cutting samples collected from hole C0002N and C0002P [Kitamura et al., 2016 AGU]. These results show the validity of the method evaluating in-situ strength from the drilling parameters.
Year of Publication: 2016
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 07 Marine Geology and Oceanography; Cores; IODP Site C0002; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Kumano Basin; Marine sediments; Mechanical properties; NanTroSEIZE; North Pacific; Northwest Pacific; Pacific Ocean; Sediments; West Pacific
Coordinates: N331800 N331801 E1363801 E1363800
Record ID: 2017041780
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