The deep, dark energy biosphere; intraterrestrial life on Earth

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doi: 10.1146/annurev-earth-042711-105500
Author(s): Edwards, Katrina J.; Becker, Keir; Colwell, Frederick
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
University of Southern California, Department of Biological Sciences, Los Angeles, CA, United States
University of Miami, United States
Oregon State University, United States
Volume Title: Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences
Source: Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Vol.40, p.551-568. Publisher: Annual Reviews, Palo Alto, CA, United States. ISSN: 0084-6597 CODEN: AREPCI
Note: In English. NSF Grant OCE-1030350 and OCE-1060855. 91 refs.; illus., incl. 1 table, sketch map
Summary: Most ecosystems on Earth exist in permanent darkness, one or more steps removed from the light-driven surface world. This collection of dark habitats is the most poorly understood on Earth, in particular the size, function, and activity of these ecosystems and what influence they have on global biogeochemical processes. The vastest of these ecosystems constitute the "deep biosphere"-habitats physically located below the surface of continents and the bottom of the ocean. The deep biosphere has been the subject of considerable-and increasing-study and scrutiny in recent years. New deep biosphere realms are being explored from deep in mines in South Africa, to sediments in the middle of oceanic gyres-and beyond. New technologies are emerging, permitting researchers to do active, manipulable experimentation in situ within the subsurface. This review highlights recent history of the research and the exciting new directions this field of research is going in, and discusses some of the most active and interesting field realms currently under scrutiny by researchers examining this deep, dark, intraterrestrial life.
Year of Publication: 2012
Research Program: DSDP Deep Sea Drilling Project
IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
IPOD International Phase of Ocean Drilling
ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 22 Environmental Geology; Archaea; Atlantic Ocean; Bacteria; Biosphere; Crust; DSDP Site 333; DSDP Site 395; DSDP Site 396; DSDP Site 504; DSDP Site 534; DSDP Site 595; Deep Sea Drilling Project; East Pacific; Ecology; Ecosystems; Endeavour Ridge; Equatorial Pacific; Expedition 327; Habitat; IODP Site U1301; IODP Site U1362; IPOD; Indian Ocean; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Japan Sea; Juan de Fuca Ridge; Leg 136; Leg 148; Leg 168; Leg 179; Leg 191; Leg 195; Leg 200; Leg 203; Leg 205; Leg 37; Leg 76; Leg 91; Living taxa; Marine sediments; Mid-Atlantic Ridge; Middle America Trench; Nankai Trough; Ninetyeast Ridge; North Atlantic; North Pacific; Northeast Pacific; Northwest Pacific; ODP Site 1024; ODP Site 1025; ODP Site 1026; ODP Site 1027; ODP Site 1107; ODP Site 1173; ODP Site 1179; ODP Site 1201; ODP Site 1224; ODP Site 1243; ODP Site 1253; ODP Site 794; ODP Site 843; ODP Site 857; ODP Site 858; ODP Site 896; Ocean Drilling Program; Oceanic crust; Pacific Ocean; Philippine Sea; Sediments; South Pacific; Southeast Pacific; West Pacific; West Philippine Basin; Yamato Basin
Coordinates: N474500 N482631 W1274600 W1284248
N250205 N282036 W0680320 W0752254
S234921 S204231 W1653151 W1764631
S324327 S324318 E0571618 E0571557
Record ID: 2017048169
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2017 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by Annual Reviews, Palo Alto, CA, United States