Middle Miocene high-resolution calcareous plankton biostratigraphy at Site 926 (Leg 154, Equatorial Atlantic Ocean); palaeoecological and palaeobiogeographical implications

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doi: 10.1016/S0016-6995(02)00064-5
Author(s): Turco, E.; Bambini, A. M.; Foresi, L.; Iaccarino, Salvatore; Lirer, F.; Mazzei, R.; Salvatorini, G.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Universita di Parma, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Parma, Italy
Other:
Universita di Siena, Italy
Volume Title: Geobios
Source: Geobios, 35( SUPPL.), p.257-276. Publisher: Elsevier on behalf of Université Claude Bernard, Département des Sciences de la Terre, Lyon, France. ISSN: 0016-6995 CODEN: GEBSAJ
Note: In English. 79 refs.; illus., incl. strat. col., 1 plate, 3 tables, sketch map
Summary: High-resolution calcareous plankton (planktonic foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils) biostratigraphy is presented from the Middle to early Late Miocene interval (from 14.45 to 8.86 Ma) at Site 926 (ODP Leg 154, equatorial Atlantic Ocean). The main bioevents used in the low-latitude zonal schemes, and also auxiliary events revealing potential biostratigraphic value have been recognised. The investigated succession ranges from N.10 to N.16 Zones based on planktonic foraminifera, and from NN5 (CN4) to NN10 (CN8) Zones based on calcareous nannofossils. The evolution of the planktonic foraminiferal Globorotalia fohsi lineage appears to be environmentally controlled. The main diagnostic features of the species of this lineage are not always evident, rendering problematic the definition of the N.9/N.10, N.10/N.11 and N.11/N.12 zonal boundaries. Calcareous plankton events have been calibrated on the basis of the Astronomical Time Scale of Shackleton and Crowhurst [Shackleton, N.J., Crowhurst, S., 1997. Sediment fluxes based on an orbitally tuned time scale 5 Ma to 14 Ma, Site 926. In: Curry, W.B., Shackleton, N.J., Richter, C., Bralower, T.J. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program) 154, pp. 69-82]. The astrobiochronology obtained at Site 926 has been compared with that of the Mediterranean astronomically calibrated deep marine successions, allowing the evaluation of the degree of synchroneity and diachroneity of bioevents. Some bioevents, such as the last occurrence of Globigerinoides subquadratus dated at 11.55 Ma, the last occurrence of Sphenolithus heteromorphus dated at 13.51 Ma and the last common occurrence of Cyclicargolithus floridanus calibrated at 13.32 Ma, are near-synchronous events between the equatorial Atlantic and the Mediterranean area indicating their high biostratigratigraphic value in global correlation. The diachroneity of the last occurrence of Paragloborotalia siakensis, the first occurrence of Neogloboquadrina acostaensis and the last occurrence of Globorotalia peripheroronda between equatorial Atlantic and the Mediterranean reflect a different spatial and temporal distribution of these marker species probably due to a sharp definition of surface plankton provinces related to the latitudinal thermal gradient.
Year of Publication: 2002
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Algae; Assemblages; Atlantic Ocean; Biogeography; Biostratigraphy; Biozones; Ceara Rise; Cenozoic; Equatorial Atlantic; Foraminifera; Invertebrata; Leg 154; Lithostratigraphy; Microfossils; Middle Miocene; Miocene; Morphology; Nannofossils; Neogene; North Atlantic; ODP Site 926; Ocean Drilling Program; Paleoecology; Planktonic taxa; Plantae; Protista; Quantitative analysis; Tertiary; Tests
Coordinates: N034309 N034309 W0425430 W0425430
Record ID: 2017050424
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2017 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands