Towards a stable astronomical time scale for the Paleocene; aligning Shatsky Rise with the Zumaia-Walvis Ridge ODP Site 1262 composite

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doi: 10.1127/nos/2014/0054
Author(s): Hilgen, Frederik J.; Abels, Hemmo A.; Kuiper, Klaudia F.; Lourens, Lucas J.; Wolthers, Mariëtte
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Utrecht University, Department of Earth Sciences, Utrecht, Netherlands
Other:
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands
University College London, United Kingdom
Volume Title: Newsletters on Stratigraphy
Source: Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 48(1), p.91-110. Publisher: Gebrüder Bornträger, Berlin-Stuttgart, Germany. ISSN: 0078-0421 CODEN: NLSGAO
Note: In English. 56 refs.
Summary: The construction of a permanent astronomical time scale for the Paleocene tuned to stable 405-kyr eccentricity is hampered by uncertainties in the number of eccentricity-related cycles between the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K/Pg) boundary and the Early Late Paleocene Event (ELPE) situated just below the Selandian-Thanetian boundary. Here we re-examine available stratigraphic information to align the Zumaia section (Spain), and Shatsky Rise (northern Pacific) and Walvis Ridge (southern Atlantic) ODP Leg 198 and 208 sites. Our review indicates that the composite of the Zumaia section and ODP Leg 208 Site 1262 is most suitable for establishing an integrated (cyclo-)stratigraphic framework and astronomical tuning for the entire Paleocene. This composite contains 25 405-kyr eccentricity-related cycles and is identical to the composite used to construct the early Paleogene time scale in GTS2012. ODP Leg 198 sites are incorporated in this framework by using the carbon isotope excursion (CIE) associated with the Latest Danian Event (LDE) at the top of C27n as tie-point. Eccentricity-related variations in Fecounts and associated reddish and dark color bands visible on core photographs of ODP Site 1209 and 1210 are correlated to the Zumaia-ODP Site 1262 composite down to the K/Pg boundary. This procedure constrains the duration of an aberrant interval above the K/Pg boundary at Site 1209, previously labeled "Strange Interval", to approximately two 405-kyr cycles. This duration for the Strange Interval is in line with sedimentation rates calculated on the basis of the observed precession-related cyclicity. The correlations to Zumaia indicate that the interval above the K/Pg boundary is continuous at all Shatsky Rise sites, including DSDP Site 577, and, hence, that Site 1209 does not contain a hiatus as inferred from Os-isotope data. The correlations further substantiate the presence of 25 405-kyr cycles in the Paleocene and an age of 66.0 Ma for the K/Pg boundary.
Year of Publication: 2015
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 03 Geochronology; 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Atlantic Ocean; Basque Provinces Spain; Cenozoic; Correlation; Cretaceous; Cyclostratigraphy; Europe; Iberian Peninsula; K-T boundary; Leg 198; Leg 208; Lower Paleocene; Mesozoic; North Pacific; Northwest Pacific; ODP Site 1209; ODP Site 1210; ODP Site 1262; Ocean Drilling Program; Pacific Ocean; Paleocene; Paleogene; Shatsky Rise; South Atlantic; Southern Europe; Spain; Stratigraphic boundary; Stratigraphy; Stratotypes; Tertiary; Time scales; Upper Cretaceous; Walvis Ridge; West Pacific; Zumaia Spain
Coordinates: S271100 S271100 E0013500 E0013400
N323900 N324000 E1583100 E1583000
N321300 N321300 E1581600 E1581600
Record ID: 2017055046
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from Geoline, Bundesanstalt fur Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Hanover, Germany