IODP Exp 362T; additional coring and remediation in Hole U1473A; continuing the journey to the Moho

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Author(s): Blum, Peter; Dick, Henry J.; MacLeod, Christopher J.
International Ocean Discovery Program, Expedition 360 Scientists
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, United States
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, United States
Cardiff University, United Kingdom
Volume Title: AGU 2016 fall meeting
Source: American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, Vol.2016; American Geophysical Union 2016 fall meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 12-16, 2016. Publisher: American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States
Note: In English
Summary: IODP Hole U1473A, located at 32°42.362'S, 057°16.688'E in the central part of the Atlantis Bank, SW Indian Ridge, at 710.2 m water depth, was drilled to a depth of 789.7 m below seafloor during Exp. 360 (11/30/15 - 1/30/16) and recovered 469.2 m of gabbroic rocks. Following successful wireline logging, a mechanical bit release retainer sleeve (MBR-RS) appeared to have been lost in the hole, raising question about the feasibility of deepening the hole in the future.. We are here reporting the successful remediation operation carried out 12 - 21 Jul, which left the hole ready for deepening on a future expedition. Hole U1473A is serendipitously located on the scheduled Transit 362T from Cape Town to Colombo (4 Jul - 6 Aug) and had ∼14 days of redundant time and a nearly full technical contingent on board. This led to a request and approval to use the time to "fish" for the MBR-RS, cement the hole to stabilize fault zones, and recover up to 20 m of core to establish the feasibility for future deep drilling. An initial attempt at taking a temperature log in the hole was terminated at 277 m due an obstruction. Subsequent reaming successfully reached the bottom of the hole and removed all cuttings. To our surprise, deployment of the fishing tool recovered an 18-cm dia., 36-cm long rock core but no MBR-RS. The latter must have fallen to the seafloor unnoticed at the end of Exp. 360. Given the immaculate hole conditions, we went on to recover four additional cores with excellent recovery (86%), deepening the hole to 809.4 m. The new cores from 789.7 to 809.5 m consist mostly of medium to coarse-grained subophitic olivine gabbro with a weak magmatic fabric and irregular contacts between medium and coarse-grained size domains. From 795 - 797 m, a zone of Fe-Ti oxide gabbro results in high magnetic susceptibility (MS) and significant natural gamma radiation (NGR) with sheared contacts and an associated porphyroclastic interval. The interval below 797 m is more isotropic with low MS and no NGR. At 803 m a 40-cm thick Fe-Ti oxide-rich mylonitic band is underlain by a porphyroclastic interval indicating that zones of crystal plastic deformation continue to the bottom of the hole. Two of the fault zones located with Exp. 360 data above 580 m were cemented, leaving a plug from 584-443 m and the hole ready and in good condition to continue the journey to the Moho.
Year of Publication: 2016
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
IODP2 International Ocean Discovery Program
Key Words: 18 Geophysics, Solid-Earth; Crust; Expedition 360; IODP Site U1473; Indian Ocean; International Ocean Discovery Program; Mohorovicic discontinuity; Oceanic crust; SloMo; Southwest Indian Ridge
Coordinates: S324222 S324222 E0571641 E0571641
Record ID: 2017068231
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by, and/or abstract, Copyright, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States