Seawater chemistry across Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary

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Author(s): Misra, Sambuddha; Turchyn, Alexandra V.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
University of Cambridge, Department of Earth Sciences, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Volume Title: AGU 2016 fall meeting
Source: American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, Vol.2016; American Geophysical Union 2016 fall meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 12-16, 2016. Publisher: American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States
Note: In English
Summary: Continental weathering is recognized as one of the primary mechanisms moderating the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. Past carbon cycle perturbations, often associated with mass extinction events, recovered on a timescale of hundreds of thousands of years, broadly consistent with enhanced chemical weathering being the key moderating process. Since chemical weathering of continental rocks controls the delivery of cations to the oceans, records of seawater cation chemistry provide a powerful archive of this interplay and feedback between climate and weathering. The Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary at ∼65.6 Ma is the last major mass extinction event. The two accepted drivers of K-Pg events were the geologically coeval eruption of Deccan Trap continental flood basalts and the meteorite impact at Chicxulub. The Chicxulub impact happened during a second pulse of Deccan traps volcanism. Thus, teasing apart the timing and dominant driver of the mass extinction and the recovery remains enigmatic. A key feature of the K-Pg event is the transient acidification of the global surface ocean that drove the collapse of the oceanic ecosystem. This surface ocean acidification was caused by 'geologically instantaneous' influx of large quantities of acidic gases (viz. CO2, SO2) to the ocean-atmosphere system. We will present high-resolution records of Li, B, Mg, and Ca isotope (δ7Li, δ11B, δ26Mg, and δ44Ca, respectively) measured in single species foraminifera across the K-Pg boundary to assess the perturbation and the subsequent continental weathering feedback. The unique aspect of the proposed research is in the first direct reconstruction of seawater isotopic composition of elements intimately linked to the continental weathering cycle (Li, Mg, and Ca), and the carbon budget of the ocean-atmosphere system (Boron) across an event of rapid climate transition and recovery. Moreover, this will allow to fingerprint the timing of the acidic gas input to the atmosphere and to test the 'impact hypothesis'. Benthic foraminifera are faithful recorders of the seawater composition and pH of their growth habitat. A continuous array of chemically cleaned benthic foraminifera (Nuttallides sp. & Stensioina sp.) across the K-Pg section from deep-sea sites (DSDP 490; IODP 1210, 1262, & 1267) will be presented.
Year of Publication: 2016
Research Program: DSDP Deep Sea Drilling Project
IPOD International Phase of Ocean Drilling
ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Atlantic Ocean; DSDP Site 490; Deep Sea Drilling Project; East Pacific; IPOD; Leg 198; Leg 208; Leg 66; North Pacific; Northeast Pacific; Northwest Pacific; ODP Site 1210; ODP Site 1262; Ocean Drilling Program; Pacific Ocean; Shatsky Rise; South Atlantic; Walvis Ridge; West Pacific
Coordinates: N160934 N160934 W0990323 W0990323
S271100 S271100 E0013500 E0013400
N321300 N321300 E1581600 E1581600
Record ID: 2018008071
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