Early to middle Pleistocene climate records off southern Iberia reveal two types of interglacial climate evolution

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Author(s): Voelker, Antje H. L.; Rodrigues, Teresa; Padilha, Maria; Jiménez-Espejo, Francisco Jose Javier; Salgueiro, Emilia; Kuhnert, Henning
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera, Divisão de Geologia e Georecursos Marinhos, Lisbon, Portugal
Centro de Ciencias do Mar, Portugal
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Japan
Universitaet Bremen, Germany
Volume Title: AGU 2016 fall meeting
Source: American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, Vol.2016; American Geophysical Union 2016 fall meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 12-16, 2016. Publisher: American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States
Note: In English
Summary: The Gulf of Cadiz off southern Iberia is an ideal place to study the interaction between North Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea climate variations with surface waters reflecting subtropical gyre conditions and the intermediate-depth Mediterranean Outflow Water (MOW) combining Mediterranean Sea and North Atlantic signals. Using centennial-scale records from IODP Site U1387 (36.8°N, 7.7°W; 559 m w.d.) we evaluate interglacial surface-water and MOW conditions during the interval from Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 16 to 46 (630-1430 ka). Surface-water changes are deduced from alkenone-derived sea-surface temperature (SST) and G. bulloides stable isotope records and MOW conditions from the benthic foraminifer stable isotope data and the wt% sand. The surface water records clearly allow distinguishing two groups of interglacial climate evolution that can be defined by the shape of the deglaciation and the timing of the interglacial SST maximum. An abrupt glacial/interglacial transition and maximum SST at the beginning of the respective interglacial period are recorded for MIS 17 to MIS 23, whereas MIS 25 to MIS 45 exhibit a more gradual transition and a SST maximum later on during the interglacial period. This change in interglacial climate evolution coincides with the frequently observed, Mid-Pleistocene Transition related shift between MIS 24 and 22. The shift to cooler interglacial SST, however, occurred already earlier, between MIS 31 and MIS 29. MIS 29 and younger experienced interglacial SSTs around 22°C (exception is MIS 23 with 19.5°C), whereas MIS 31 and older show values of 23-23.5°C, even reaching 24.5-25°C during MIS 37 and MIS 41. In contrast, the interglacial MOW shows no major shifts at either MIS 25 or MIS 31. Interglacial MOW conditions are strongly linked to the insolation maxima and the related, African monsoon induced changes in Mediterranean Sea hydrology (e.g., sapropel formation). Thus, the interglacial MOW is a poorly ventilated, sluggish current (with poorest ventilation during MIS 23, 25 and 27), similar to the late Pleistocene interglacials (Bahr et al., 2015; Geology). Consequently, in the Gulf of Cadiz, understanding interglacial climate variability during the Pleistocene depends on the water depth/ water mass studied.
Year of Publication: 2016
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 24 Surficial Geology, Quaternary Geology; Atlantic Ocean; Cenozoic; Expedition 339; Gulf of Cadiz; IODP Site U1387; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Interglacial environment; North Atlantic; Paleoclimatology; Paleoenvironment; Pleistocene; Quaternary
Coordinates: N364819 N364820 W0074308 W0074308
Record ID: 2018008121
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