Workshop to develop deep-life continental scientific drilling projects

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doi: 10.5194/sd-19-43-2015
Author(s): Kieft, T. L.; Onstott, T. C.; Ahonen, L.; Aloisi, V.; Colwell, F. S.; Engelen, B.; Fendrihan, S.; Gaidos, E.; Harms, U.; Head, I.; Kallmeyer, J.; Reese, B. Kiel; Lin, L. H.; Long, P. E.; Moser, D. P.; Mills, H.; Sar, P.; Schulze-Makuch, D.; Stan-Lotter, H.; Wagner, D.; Wang, P. L.; Westall, F.; Wilkins, M. J.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Department of Biology, Socorro, NM, United States
Other:
Princeton University, United States
Geological Survey of Finland, Finland
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France
Oregon State University, United States
University of Oldenburg, Germany
Romanian Bioresources Centre-Sector 6, Romania
University of Hawaii-Manoa, United States
German Research Centre for Geosciences/Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, Germany
Newcastle University, United Kingdom
Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi, United States
National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, United States
University of Houston Clear Lake, United States
Desert Research Institute Las Vegas, United States
Indian Institute of Technology-Kharagpur, India
Technical University of Berlin, Germany
University of Salzburg, Austria
Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, France
Ohio State University, United States
Volume Title: Scientific Drilling
Source: Scientific Drilling, Vol.19, p.43-53. Publisher: Copernicus GmbH on behalf of the German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ), Gottingen, International. ISSN: 1816-8957
Note: In English. 64 refs.; illus., incl. 1 table, sketch map
Summary: The International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) has long espoused studies of deep subsurface life, and has targeted fundamental questions regarding subsurface life, including the following: "(1) What is the extent and diversity of deep microbial life and what are the factors limiting it? (2) What are the types of metabolism/carbon/energy sources and the rates of subsurface activity? (3) How is deep microbial life adapted to subsurface conditions? (4) How do subsurface microbial communities affect energy resources? And (5) how does the deep biosphere interact with the geosphere and atmosphere?" (Horsfield et al., 2014) Many ICDP-sponsored drilling projects have included a deep-life component; however, to date, not one project has been driven by deep-life goals, in part because geomicrobiologists have been slow to initiate deep biosphere-driven ICDP projects. Therefore, the Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO) recently partnered with the ICDP to sponsor a workshop with the specific aim of gathering potential proponents for deep-life-driven ICDP projects and ideas for candidate drilling sites. Twenty-two participants from nine countries proposed projects and sites that included compressional and extensional tectonic environments, evaporites, hydrocarbon-rich shales, flood basalts, Precambrian shield rocks, subglacial and subpermafrost environments, active volcano-tectonic systems, megafan deltas, and serpentinizing ultramafic environments. The criteria and requirements for successful ICDP applications were presented. Deep-life-specific technical requirements were discussed and it was concluded that, while these procedures require adequate planning, they are entirely compatible with the sampling needs of other disciplines. As a result of this workshop, one drilling workshop proposal on the Basin and Range Physiographic Province (BRPP) has been submitted to the ICDP, and several other drilling project proponents plan to submit proposals for ICDP-sponsored drilling workshops in 2016.
Year of Publication: 2015
Research Program: IODP2 International Ocean Discovery Program
Key Words: 08 Paleontology, General; Archaea; Bacteria; Biosphere; Biota; Current research; Deep drilling; Drilling; Geomicrobiology; Global; International Continental Scientific Drilling Program; International Ocean Discovery Program; International cooperation; Microorganisms; Planning; Programs
Record ID: 2018015131
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from Copernicus Gesellschaft, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany

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