High frequency climate fluctuations over the last deglaciation in the Alboran Sea, Western Mediterranean; evidence from calcareous plankton assemblages

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doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2018.06.042
Author(s): Bazzicalupo, Pietro; Maiorano, Patrizia; Girone, Angela; Marino, Maria; Combourieu-Nebout, Nathalie; Incarbona, Alessandro
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Universita di Bari Aldo Moro, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e Geoambientali, Bari, Italy
Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, France
Universita di Palermo, Italy
Volume Title: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Source: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol.506, p.226-241. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0031-0182 CODEN: PPPYAB
Note: In English. 147 refs.; illus., incl. sketch map
Summary: A high resolution study, with a centennial scale resolution, has been performed on the calcareous plankton assemblage (coccolithophores and planktonic foraminifera) at Ocean Drilling Program Site 976, Alboran Sea (Western Mediterranean), focusing on the interval between 20 and 9 ka, in order to reconstruct changes in surface and subsurface water dynamics and productivity. The biotic surface water proxies integrate the extremely detailed (multi-decadal scale) geochemical data set and the pollen record already available at the core, thus providing a complete paleoenvironmental/paleoceanographic reconstruction. The results highlight the sensitivity of the calcareous plankton in recording stadial/interstadial phases and higher-frequency climatic events, that produced changes in sea water features. Wind-induced upwelling and river discharge during the Last Glacial Period favored nutrient availability and moderate productivity. During Heinrich Stadial 1 (HS1), the arrival of cold and fresher waters from iceberg melting in the North Atlantic, significantly hampered productivity, at its lowest values of the whole investigated interval. Calcareous plankton behavior supports the hypothesis that HS1 is a composite event, marked by three phases: HS1a characterized by the coldest SST, polar Atlantic water inflow into the basin and a first step toward a dry climate on the continent; HS1b recording enhanced freshwater inflow and drought on land, and HS1c indicating reduced polar water influx. The Bolling-Allerod (BA) interstadial sees the highest rate of productivity in the entire interval and accompanies the deposition of Organic Rich Layer 1; during the BA coccolithophore assemblage also marks higher frequency changes in hydrographic conditions, apparently in relation with Greenland Interstadial I (GI-I) high variability. The Younger Dryas Stadial (YD) is characterized by refunding cold and dry conditions, although not as severe as during HS1, and by enhanced detrital input in surface water during drier conditions on land. The Holocene onset records climate amelioration both in the marine and continental environment, although coccolithophore productivity is not as high as during the BA. The rapid shifts in climate sensitive taxa support the hypothesis that each of the climate phases-subphases is characterized by a complex pattern forced by strong interaction between ice-sheet instability, meltwater discharge entering the Gibraltar Strait, North Atlantic westerlies and moisture availability, clearly impacting over surface water temperature, productivity and land masses.
Year of Publication: 2018
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 24 Surficial Geology, Quaternary Geology; Alboran Sea; Assemblages; Calcareous composition; Cenozoic; Climate change; Correlation; Deglaciation; Fluctuations; Foraminifera; Holocene; Last glacial maximum; Leg 161; Marine environment; Mediterranean Sea; Microfossils; ODP Site 976; Ocean Drilling Program; Paleo-oceanography; Paleoclimatology; Paleoecology; Paleoenvironment; Palynomorphs; Plankton; Pleistocene; Quaternary; Terrestrial environment; Upper Pleistocene; West Mediterranean
Coordinates: N361219 N361219 W0041845 W0041845
Record ID: 2018093440
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands