Workflow model for the digitization of mudrocks

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doi: 10.1144/SP484.2
Author(s): Buckman, Jim; Mahoney, Carol; Bankole, Shereef; Couples, Gary; Lewis, Helen; Wagner, Thomas; März, Christian; Blanco, Vladimir; Stow, Dorrik
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Heriot-Watt University, Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Newcastle University, United Kingdom
University of Leeds, United Kingdom
Ecopetrol, Colombia
Volume Title: Application of analytical techniques to petroleum systems
Volume Author(s): Dowey, Patrick J., editor; Osborne, M.; Volk, Herbert
Source: Application of analytical techniques to petroleum systems, edited by Patrick J. Dowey, M. Osborne and Herbert Volk. Special Publication - Geological Society of London, Vol.484. Publisher: Geological Society of London, London, United Kingdom. ISSN: 0305-8719
Note: In English. 37 refs.; illus., incl. 4 tables
Summary: Mudrocks are highly heterogeneous in a range of physical and chemical properties, including: porosity and permeability, fissility, colour, particle composition, size, orientation, carbon loading, degree of compaction, and diagenetic overprint. It is therefore important that the maximum information be extracted as efficiently and completely as possible. This can be accomplished through high-resolution analysis of polished thin sections by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), with the collection of large-area images and X-ray elemental map montages, and the application of targeted particle analysis. A workflow model, based on these techniques, for the digitization of mudrocks is presented herein. A range of the data that can be collected and the variety of analyses that can be achieved are also illustrated. Data collection is discussed in terms of inherent problems with acquisition, storage, transfer and manipulation, which can be time-consuming and non-trivial. Similar information and resolutions can be achieved through other techniques, such as QEMSCAN and infra-red (IR)/Raman spectroscopic mapping. These can be seen as complementary to the workflow described herein. Supplementary material: Supplementary materials on typical workflows, based on the specific software packages used herein, are available at
Year of Publication: 2018
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 06 Petrology, Sedimentary; Arabian Sea; Atlantic Ocean; Australasia; Blackstone Shale; Canterbury Basin; Carbon; Carboniferous; Chemical composition; Chemical properties; Clastic rocks; Colombia; Color; Compaction; Cretaceous; Data acquisition; Data processing; Data storage; Diagenesis; Digitization; EBSD data; EDS spectra; East Pacific; Electron diffraction data; Electron microscopy data; England; Europe; Expedition 317; Expedition 335; Expedition 339; Fabric; Fife Scotland; Grain size; Great Britain; Guatemala Basin; Gulf of Cadiz; Heterogeneous materials; High-resolution methods; Image analysis; Indian Ocean; Infrared spectra; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Iron oxides; Jurassic; Laxmi Basin; Mesozoic; Mineral composition; Models; Mudstone; New Zealand; North Atlantic; North Pacific; Northeast Pacific; Organic compounds; Orientation; Overprinting; Oxides; Pacific Ocean; Paleozoic; Permeability; Physical properties; Porosity; Pyrite; QEMSCAN; Qualitative analysis; Quantitative analysis; SEM data; Sample preparation; Scotland; Sedimentary rocks; Shale; Simulation; South America; South Pacific; Southwest Pacific; Spectra; Sulfides; Thin sections; Three-dimensional models; United Kingdom; West Pacific; Western Europe; X-ray data; X-ray spectra; Yorkshire England
Coordinates: S445700 S444600 E1720200 E1714000
N064400 N064400 W0915600 W0915600
N361605 N373418 W0064700 W0100735
N532000 N544000 E0001000 W0023000
N560100 N562800 W0023200 W0034400
Record ID: 2019007079
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from The Geological Society, London, London, United Kingdom